by virtue of its lush green mountains, pollution fee
environment, scenic beauty and modern civic
amenities, has an irresistible attraction for people
both at home and abroad.
pull has been further enhanced by the city's wide
open roads, modern town planning, clean residential
areas and good security.
Therefore, owning a home in Islamabad must have been
dream of those who have visited this city once in
The name of the capital city of Pakistan means “the abode of Islam”. Islamabad is new, planned, spacious leafy and green. The wide roads, detached houses and gardens contrast somewhat with the old Pakistani city (twin city) of Rawalpindi. The city was envisaged by Field Marshal Ayub Khan on an entirely new site which he thought suitable. Lahore might well have been the new capital but for its proximity to the Indian border. Islamabad is
expeditious, bordering the two provinces of Punjab and north-west Frontier, near the hills with a healthy unpolluted climate.
Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan; it is located
in the Pothohar Plateau in the northwest of country.
It is referred as Islamabad Capital Territory,
though the area has historically been a part of the
Punjab region and the North-West Frontier Province
(the Margalla pass has been a gateway to the
North-West Frontier Province, and the Pothohar
Plateau been a part of the Punjab. It is located at
Geography and climate
Islamabad is situated at the edge of the Pothohar
plateau, south of the Margalla hills. The
Islamabad and the Rawalpindi stand side by side.
The area's micro-climate is regulated by three
man-made lakes: Rawal, Simli and Khanpur. The city
has hot summers with monsoon rains occurring
during July and August. Even on the few winter
days when pre-dawn temperatures fall below
freezing, the afternoons are usually sunny and
mild: in the coldest month, January, theaverage
daily maximum temperature is 16°C (61°F).
Government and administration:
The Capital Development Authority (CDA)
established in 1960 to undertake municipal
functions through legislative amendments in 1966.
The old deputy commissioner system is still in
practice in Islamabad.
The Capital Territory has population of 901137 and
is divided into two segments: Islamabad Urban
area, including institutional and industrial area,
and Islamabad rural area. The rural area of
Islamabad encompasses 133 villages and
administratively consists of 12 Union Councils.
Administratively Islamabad is divided into 3
subdivisions namely City, Sadar and Rural.
Islamabad is divided into five sectors from sector
D to I with each sector covering an area of
approximately 2km x 2km.
Punjabis account for 65% of the population
followed by the Muhajirs at 14% and then the
Pashtun which account for somewhere between
Islamabad though a new city as compared to the
other civic centers of Pakistan, but it has enough
in store for those with passion for beauty and
serenity. Some of the worth seeing places of
capital are as follows:
· Shah Faisal Mosque
· Margalla hills
· Taxila and the world's oldest University,
· Shaker Parrian
· Golra Sharif
· Lotus Lake
· Pakistan Museum of Natural History
· Islamabad Museum
· Islamabad Zoo
· Lok Virsa Museum
· Supreme Court of Pakistan
· National Parliament of Pakistan
· Japanese Park
· Chattar Bagh
· Fatima Jinnah Park
· Rawal Dam
· Play Land
Islamabad has some of the best and modern
educational institutions in Pakistan. The major
educational centers are as follows:
· Bahria University (Sector E-8)
· Quaid-i-Azam University (Sector G-4)
· International Islamic University (Sector H-10)
· Allama Iqbal Open University (Sector H-8)
· Shifa International Hospitals Ltd (Sector H-8)
· National University of Modern Languages (Sector
· COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
· Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science &
Technology (Sector G-7)
· National University of Computer & Emerging
(in Sector H-11)
· Air University (Sector E-9)
· Al-Huda University (Sector H-11)
· SZABIST (Sector F-8)
· Muhammad Ali Jinnah University
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