Number of Motor Vehicle Registered 4,442,319 (1999-2000)
total length of roads in Pakistan is approximately 188,000 kilometres.
This includes 7,112 kilometres of federalised roads, including nine
National Highways and one Motorway (M-2). An investment of about Rs.100
billion is earmarked for improvement of existing roads and construction
of new highways and motorways during the 9th five year plan.
The work on the 1,265 km. Indus Highway Project is in progress with OECF
assistance. Works were taken in hand over staggered reaches of total 757
km. of length out of which 707 km. road length is complete and balance
length of 50 km. is near completion under phase-I and II of the project.
Remaining length of 428 km. will be taken up under phase-III. It is
expected to be completed by the year 2001. The Indus Highway, an
alternate North-South route on the west bank of river Indus, links
Karachi and Peshawar through some less developed areas of the country
and reduces the distance between Karachi and Peshawar by 300 km.
The work on the dualisation of 1,762 km. National Highway (N.5) – an
historical highway from Karachi to the Torkham border through Lahore -
is in progress. A section of around 600 km. has already been dualised
and work is in progress on another 900 km. The contracts for the
remaining sections of the road are being processed to enable the
complete dualisation of N-5 by the year 2001.
The construction of the Pakistan Motorway connecting the northern and
southern parts of the country with a link at Gawadar has been initiated.
The first 333 km. phase of the project, the Lahore, Islamabad Motorway -
M-2, has been constructed with the assistance of a South Korean firm at
a cost of US $ one billion. Along this motorway, industrial estates of
800 to 1,000 hectares at or near the interchanges are planned. The work
the on Islamabad–Peshawar Motorway (M-1) has been initiated. The work
has been awarded to a Turkish firm, Bayindir, which is providing 50% of
the loan in the form of a supplier’s credit. Two additional motorway
projects, Pindi Bhattian–Faisalabad (M-3) and Karachi–Hyderabad (M-9),
have been awarded on a Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) basis.
The main Karakaram-Highway (N-35), which is the historic silk route, is
being improved, with 713 km. of the road being rehabilitated under
Phase-I by the Frontier Works Organisation (FWO) to enhance road safety.
Under Phase-II, the road will be upgraded to International Standards to
eventually allow faster flows of traffic from the sea ports of Karachi
and Gawadar to the Central Asian States when the motorway network
linking these areas is completed.