Let's Rebuild & Excel
By Zahid Ikram
Energy Crises Reforms
and Mining Projects
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Pakistan facing Electricity Shortage since long, Also Costly Production.
Line Losses and Wastage/Over use of Electricity are our big issues
that we are facing. We
have to overcome all Energy Crises and Load Shedding on Priority Bases.
We have to take the following measures:
Produce Low Cost RENEWABLE ENERGY
We need to innovate more Renewable Energies like Windmill, Solar
Energy and Bio-Fuels for Industrial use.
- We have to Setup Solar Energy Production Units in Hot
Deserts of Pakistan.
We have to
Setup Windmills around the Beaches and in
We shall involve our prisoners to work to
generate energy. Like prisoners in Brazil ride bicycles’ to
generate the electric power, more they ride their bicycle they
get reduction in their imprisonment.
Sugarcane ethanol is an alcohol-based fuel produced by the
fermentation of sugarcane juice and molasses. Because it is a
clean, affordable and low-carbon bio-fuel, sugarcane ethanol has
emerged as a leading renewable fuel for the transportation
sector. Our Sugar Mills shall have established production of low cost
Sugarcane Ethanol for our Country.
Biogas is an other low cost renewable Energy Source. Biogas
may have produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence
of oxygen. In every Village Biogas can be produced from raw
materials such as agricultural waste, manure, municipal
waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food waste etc. to
overcome the Energy Shortage in Pakistan.
We have to setup Waste-to-Energy plants and Waste Management
System which will burn municipal solid waste (MSW), often called
garbage or trash, to produce steam in a boiler that is used to
We have to utilize the waste of Fruits and vegetables to
feed the aged unwanted domestic cattle to get Animal’s waste
within 8 Hours to produce methane gas used as a fuel and further
waste shall feed to earth worms to reproduce Vermicast within 72
Hours. This is the end-product of the breakdown of organic
matter by earthworms. This is also known as Black Gold, which is
the best organic Fertilizers for agriculture growth in the World.
This is the cheapest and easiest way of Waste Management and
Energy Production without spending any power/ fuel energy.
PAEC have to Setup more State of the Art Small Atomic Energy
Plants for Pakistan's Industrial Requirements.
Small or Medium Sized
Hydroelectric Turbines shall be
installed on Waterfalls and Rivers in KPK over Fast Flowing
Water Canals / Rivers of Punjab and Sindh to overcome our Energy
We have to Build More Small Hydroelectric Dams Power Stations on
Rivers and Lakes to Generate Cheap Hydro Electricity. These Dams
will also Save Water for Drinking & Irrigation use.
Generate Electricity with the Solid Waste
shall produce Electricity from Solid Waste Management like
Singapore and Turkey. Where Incineration reduces the waste by up
to 90 per cent, saving landfill space and the heat is recovered
to produce steam that propels turbine-generators to generate
electricity. It will help us in recycling the waste and clean
Singapore disposes off their garbage in the
most fascinating way. In an actual 'island' which is the world's
first ecological offshore landfill. This landfill is specially
designed by engineers and environmentalists from Singapore's
National Environment Agency (NEA).
Save More Electricity
We have to upgrade Electric Distribution Networks to save
Household/Office Solar Power Generation shall be promoted
which cost about Rs. 100,000 Per 1 KV and much cheaper than your
annual costs. Moreover, WAPDA/ Electric Supply Company Shall Buy
Back the Extra Electric by your e-Meter you are generating or
you sell it to Neighborhood, this will help you earn from your
large solar power generation system and also help to overcome
Energy Crises in our Community
We have to
Control the Electricity Line Losses and Theft In Household
and Industrial use.
There shall be Controlled Use of Lights, Billboards, Decorative
Lights & Gadgets, Air-conditions, Electric Heater & Water
Geysers etc. at Home, Shops, Offices and Parks.
Energy Sector has to Promote Solar Energy Panels for Household
use, Solar Powered Street & Traffic Lights, Speed Check & CCTV
We Shall use more LED Lights of 1-10 Watts for Homes and
many Advanced Countries, we have to Close our Markets, Showrooms and Business
by Early Evening, it will Save us a lots of
Cultivating in Remote Aeas shall be Provided Interest Free Easy
Loan for buying Solar Powered Tube Wells & Windmill.
Free Allowance of Electricity, Patrol,
Deiseal and other Utility for personal usage Shall Be Ban for
all Government Officials and Even WAPDA Employees.
In 1947 there were only less than 300
tubewells and now it has increased to 700,000 Plus, which are
consuming lots of Energy, and also creating a shortage of
underwater for our domestic usage or future requirements. We
have to immodestly build new dams and more canals
We have to review our Water Policy with
India, which is planning to turn away water of all rivers coming
from Kashmir to Pakistan and building 200 over dams, what we
have done for our future? Are we going for a war on water?
We have to explore more new Oil, Gas, Coal,
Gold, Copper & Minerals Sources in Pakistan,
Pakistan shall earn maximum revenue out of
its strategic location, its Gwadar Port, Motorways and C-PEC
Routs to earn its revenue
above 20 Billion US$ annually.
Thar Coal Mining
According to Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company (SECMC) which works in
collaboration with the Sindh government and is the main sponsor of
the project, Thar coal reserves containing 175-billion-tons coal are
spread over an area of 9000 square kilometers in Tharparkar, which
is sufficient for our Future need of 50,000 Mega Watts of
Electricity for 500 Years of Energy Requirements.
The Reko Diq Gold and Copper
The Reko Diq mine is located near
Reko Diq town in Chagai District, Balochistan, Pakistan. Reko Diq
represents one of the largest copper reserve in Pakistan and in the
The mineral resource at Reko Diq is estimated at 5.9
billion tonnes with an average copper grade of 0.41% and an average
gold grade of 0.22 g/tonne. The Group’s 37.5% attributable share of
this resource amounts to 2.2 billion tonnes, with an annual
production estimated at 200,000 tons of copper and 250,000 ounces of
gold contained in 600,000 tons of concentrate.
the extensive technical financial studies undertaken, in order to
secure optimal ‘economies of scale’ efficiencies, and lower mining
and processing costs, a large scale, state of the art mining and
processing unit is required at Reko Diq.
NAB, FBR and FIA shall investigate for
removing anomalies and revisit all Government Agreements like
IPPs, LPG, Circler Debits, Foreign Investment, CPEC
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Reko Diq Gold and Copper
Mining Contract to foreign firm, Government Sector
Privatizations, Loans Waived off and other Contracts etc., and
rectify all issues against the interest of Pakistan.
Resources in Baluchistan
Pakistan has a great
Zink and other very precious minerals
stones in Baluchistan to mine which may change the economy
Pakistan very surprisingly.
The Khewra Salt Mine (or Mayo Salt Mine) is located in Khewra, north
of Pind Dadan Khan, an administrative subdivision of Jhelum
District, Punjab Region, Pakistan. The mine is located in the Salt
Range, an outer range of the Himalaya Mountains which rises from the
Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is Pakistan's largest, the world's 2nd
largest and the oldest salt mine in the world.
The mine is famous for its production of pink Himalayan salt, and is
a major tourist attraction, drawing up to 250,000 visitors a year.
Its history dates back to its discovery by Alexander's troops in 320
BC, but it started trading in the Mughal era. The main tunnel at
ground level was developed by Dr. H. Warth, a mining engineer, in
1872 during British rule. After independence, the Pakistan Mineral
Development Corporation took over the mine, which still remains the
largest source of salt in the country, producing more than 350,000
tons per annum of about 99% pure halite. Estimates of the reserves
of salt in the mine vary from 82 million tons to 600 million tons.
Pakistan is the only country for having the world’s largest salt
mines with proven reserves of about 10 billion ton in three mines.
India import our salt and export to Israel and the other countries
as its own product and earning on salt exports more than Pakistan.
India is bound to provide water to Pakistan in return of Salt, but
have built many dams to reserve our water. India also use to stop
the export of tomatoes to Pakistan time to time in the name of
Strategic Strike, Pakistan shall stop exporting of its Salt to India
in case India stop our Water and Food Items.
List of Reforms/Innovative Ideas