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          Pictures of  Bhakkar

Thal Canal Bhakkar
District  Council  Bhakkar
District Hospital
District Jail  under construction
Grave of Baddal Shah under a Jalh Tree
Govt College of Commerce Bhakkar
Home in Thal
Gymnasium Bhakkar
 

 

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Explore Pakistan | Cities | Bhakkar بھکر
 

Demography | Etymology | Towns | Poets | History | Relics | Language &  Main Tribes |Notable- Personalities

Bhakkar ViewBhakkar is a District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The district was created in 1981 with Bhakkar city (known as Bakhar in Seraiki) as the capital. It is located between 31 10' and 32 22' N. and 70 47' and 72 E. with an area of 3,134 square miles (8,120 km2), most of it lies in the desolate plain of the Thal, but the Kachhi or strip of  riverine land along the Indus is of great fertility. Its area consists of riverine tract along the Indus called Kacha and the Thal historically called Chol-e-Jalali. Most of its area comprises greater Thal.

Mankera in centre of The Great Thal is a place of great antiquity. The old fort here; a historical heritage, is a great land mark of Thal needs preservation. Another old place in the district is Kallurkot. Bakhar is part of Seraiki Wasaib in western Punjab.

 
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Demography

Bhakkar city has a population of almost 300,000 the total population of the district was estimated to be 1.37 million in 2008

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Etymology

The original name of Bakhar was Sakhar. There are some other places named Bakhar , which means town of sun-baked bricks.

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Towns

The main towns of District Bhakkar are:

Darya Khan
Mankera
Dullewala

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Poets

Iqbal Hussain Najaf Ali  Aneel  Chohan  Asad  Jafri  Bashir  Ahmed  Basher

 

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History

The town has some historical places like Dilkusha Bagh which is believed to be a Mughal era garden and is attached to Humayun; but historical facts do not verify it . Humayun never came here. On his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bakhar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however  denied by Major Henry Raverty.

The old town was walled and had gates as Tavela gate and Imamanwala gate. The only remaining gate Jinnah Gate (formerly King Gate) was built in British period in the name of Mr. King the then Deputy Commissioner. There are remains of a handera (tomb) near Sheikh Raoo bridge, which is believed to be burial place of Bakhar Khan, the founder of the city. The present police station was originally a Baloch fortress. Some 30 years ago a branch of River Indus flowed past the town. West side of thetown was green and pleasant. This is a very scarce silver coin belonging to the reign of Nadir Shah 1148-1160 AH (AD1735-1747) from the Afsharid dynasty, it is an Indian type minted during his occupation of the area. It is listed by type as Album #2744.2 (Type D). It weighs 11.3 gr. (18 mm.) and minted in the city of Bhakkar in the state of Punjab in India, dated 1157AH.

The main city center is consist of Mondi Town, King gate (markets and shopping centers), Chimni Muhalla (ancient area ever in Bhakkar city  from past of the Hindus and Sikh residency), Iron Market, Gulshan-e-Madina Town, Officers Colony, New Iqbal Town (Zaheer ud din babar), Canal Avenue, new developed Green Town, Dhandla Muhalla, and Almabad. The adjacent city area Mondi Town is the developed area of the city with entire facilities. The population of city area mostly speak Urdu, Punjabi and sariki. The city is known for its quality of students as they ever get top positions in relevant boards and the trend of study is comparatively considerably higher than other areas of Punjab Province because of lacking industry and public sector employment.Their preference for study is Lahore, Faisalabad and Multan. The business in the city is major source of income for the population and mostly business activities are connected with Capital of Province, Lahore.

British Rule

Thal CanalDuring British rule, the district was a tehsil of Mianwali District, the population according to the 1891 census of India was 119,219 which had risen to 125,803 at the 1901 census. In addition to the headquarters Bhakkar (population, 5,312), the tehsil contained and 196
villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to Rs 1.7 lakhs. Places of interest are Mankera and Muhammad Rajan, at the latter of which is the shrine of Pir Muhammad Rajan, who died there on a pilgrimage.

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Relics

The town has some historical places like the Dilkusha Bagh which is believed by some to be a Mughal garden built by Humayun, however Humayun never visited the area, on his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bakhar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however denied by historian Henry Raverty.

The old town was walled and had the Tavela, Imamanwala and King Gates, of the three the King Gate, which was built during the British period and was named after Mr King the then Deputy Commissioner of the Mianwali District, survives - since the end of colonial rule it has been renamed as the Jinnah Gate.

This is a very scarce silver coin belonging to the reign of Nadir Shah 1148-1160 AH (1735-1747) of the Afsharid dynasty. It is an Indian type minted during his post-occupation of. It is listed by type as Album #2744.2 (Type D). It weighs 11.3 gr. (18 mm.) and minted in the city of  Bhakkar in the state of Punjab in India, dated 1157AH

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Language &  Main Tribes

The Kharotha Khel are a Pathan tribe living in Deli Namdar, Tehsil Kalurkot, Bhakkar District.
The tribe is a subtribe of the Daulat Khel with established linkages that of Nawab of Issa Khel
and Nawab of Tank, with land holdings in Bhakkar District. They settled here after the Third Battle of Panipat (1761). They also fought against the Sikhs at the 1821 siege of Mankera, with the Sadozai Nawab, of the area of Dera Ismail Khan.

Siraiki is the main language spoken by majority of the people in Bhakkar District. Other languages spoken are Punjabi, Urdu and Pushto. Main tribes of the District are Shahani Baloch, Niwani baloch, Musti Khel, Chaddu, Niazi, Khanan Khel, Chadrar, Dhandala, Kharotha Khel, Cheena ,Sandhila ,Utra and Kahawar. There is said to be huge rivalry between Niwani and Shahani due to previous elections.

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Notable Personalities

Amanullah Khan Shahani,son of Nawab Abdullah Khan Shahaniwho had been once been the biggest landlord in the (zilla), has 3 sons Naeem  Ulaah Khan Shahani (ex-Minister of Sports), Aleem Ullah Khan Shahani (ex-Tehsil and Zillah Nazim of Bhakkar ) and Saleem Ullah Khan
Shahani who is not in politics.

Zafar Khan Dhandala ,an ally of Shahani, is also a very notable personality. Unfortunately his son died of some unknown reason. There are said to be several rumours but were regarded false by his father. syed wazarat hussain naqvi.he is th worker and gold maddelist of threk pakistan ,andsenior vp milat jafria pakistan.he is the main sporter and poling agentof fatmia ali jinah. late Chairman Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi son of Late Fateh Muhammad Khan Niazi, who was elected Chairman of the than Union Council Ghulaman of Tehsil Kalurkot of Mianwali District. He was a Veteran Muslim Leaguer and staunch Supporter of creation of Pakistan. He was elected as Vice President of MSF before creation of Pakistan. He till his death was loyal to his group which he joined before or after creation of Pakistan. His group members included Zafar Khan Dhandla, Rokhri's of Mianwali, Masti Kel's of Jandan Wala & Late Nawab of Kalabagh. He had five sons i) Faizullah Khan Niazi, Financial Advisor to Chief of Army Staff. He joined Civil Services of Pakistan in 1982. 2) Azizullah Khan Niazi 3) Saadullah Khan Niazi 4) Niazullah Khan Niazi, Ex-President Islamabad BarCouncil. 5) Hafeezullah Khan Niazi.

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