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Explore Pakistan | Cities | Dera Bugti ڈیرہ بگٹی

Administrarion | Population | Bugti Tribes | Tribes and Chiefs | Famous Bugtis

Dera BugtiDera Bugti is a district located in the south west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. Dera Bugti is named after its headquarter town 'Dera Bugti'. Dera (a Balochi word) means abode'or`habitat',while `Bugti' is the name of the major Baloch tribe. Thus Dera Bugti means the abode of theBugtis, the dominant tribe of this district. Dera Bugti district has three sub-districts: Dera Bugti, Sui and Phailawagh. Natural gas is the major mineral wealth of Dera Bugti district. There are four major gas fields: Sui gas field, Pir Koh Gas field, Loti Gas field and Uch Gas field. Natural Gas was discovered at Sui in 1963 for use all over the country. The first natural gas supply plant was established at Sui (in 1963). Besides Sui, Pir Koh, Loti, and Uch, gas is believed to be also present in other parts of Dera Bugti district.

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The town of Dera Bugti serves as the heaquarters of the district and tehsil of the same name. The town of Dera Bugti itself functions as a Union council.Dera Bugti is homeland of all Bugti tribes. In this District, four natural gas fields are working and the gas is being provided all parts of Pakistan, But most areas of this district are still deprived from gas, are Sui Gas Field which is managed by PPL, Pir Koh Gas Fiel, Loti Gas Field and Uoch Gas Field managed by OGDCL.

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The population of Dera Bugti district was estimated to be over 250,000 in 2005. Over 99% of the people of the area are Muslims. The Bugti is the Baloch tribe in the district.

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Bugti Tribes

Bugti (Urdu: بگٹی), is a Baloch tribe located in Balochistan, Pakistan. They are divided among various clans such as Rahija, Kalpar, Nauthani, Masuri, Ferozani, Salamaan Zai, Mundarani, Qasimani, Shambani, Sobazai, Pah'i and Moharkanzai etc., numbering around 300,000.

On a bigger scale the Bugti tribe is claimed to be a clan of the Rind tribe. Like the Marris, the Bugtis are considered fine horsemen and good fighters. A military expedition against the Bugti was organized by Sir Charles Napier in 1845, but the British could not control the tribe till later when Sir Robert Sandeman ruled Baluchistan. It is claimed that the construction of the Sukkur-Quetta railway line bifurcated the territory of the Bugtis and made them adopt to the modern ways of life. Marri and Bugti both are blood-related tribes. In fact, it is said that Marri, Bugti, Khetran and Rind have the same origin. Bugti is the most powerful tribe of Baluch purported to settle at present location circa 1500 AD when Mir Chakkar (a 16th-century Baluch king) settled in the barren terrain of present Bugti territories in Baluchistan, i.e., the large area around the town of Dera Bugti.

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Tribes and Chiefs

The Bugti Nawab is the supreme leader of the whole Bugti tribe. The Chiefs of sub-tribes of Bugti are throned by the Nawab upon the formal request of that sub-tribe in the event of death, paralysis or simply the lose of majority support from and within that particular sub-tribe. The Chieftains of Sub-tribes are also known as Waderas in Baluchi. They are throned from among other possible candidates in the family—the competition being of support, intelligence, flair, finesse and talent to lead his sub-tribe diligently and solve their problems. Its a kind of naturally formed democratic system of elections where each valid member of that particular sub-tribe's vote counts and amazing thing is, there are absolutely no chances of vote rigging or ballot boxes going missing. So, its a kind of state-of-the-art, modern-day, extremely transparent democratic system where talent, generosity, intelligence, bravery and all positive personal qualities are rewarded with great honor and celebration while evil is defeated with majority support from the tribesmen. All sub-tribes chiefs collectively support and elect the Supreme Chief of Bugti tribe by majority vote. Similarly, as for sub-tribes chiefs election, the Supreme Chief (Nawab) is throned or dethroned depending on his ability to lead the tribe and the ability and power of rival within the Supreme Chief's family. The whole tribal system of Baluch tribes especially Bugti and Marri, always and must ensure that best candidate is throned and worst naturally withers out. The Supreme Leader's election is necessary to bring in harmoniously relationships within the Bugti tribe and outside other Baluch tribes. The Supreme Leader ensures the tribal rights are secured, prosperity and development work is always underway and peace is maintained with other Tribes. The Supreme Leaders of all Baluch Tribes works to ensure and secure the rights of Baluch as a nation. Following are the names of Bugti tribes, sub-tribes, and their chieftains:

Following are the names of the tribes and their chieftains

  • Mundarani: (Wadera Mir Muhammad Bux Khan Bugti)

  • Ferozani : (Wadera Murad Bugti)

  • Mohaarkanzai: (Wadera Nayalaan Bugti)

  • Rahija: (Wadera Piro Khan Bugti) (Rahija is the tribe of Nawab Bugti Sobazai, Salamaanzai, Lal Khan Zai, etc.; all are subtribes of Rahijas.)

  • Masuri: (Wadera Ghulam Qadir Khan Bugti)

  • Nauthani: (Wadera Maywa Khan Bugti)

  • Kalpar: (Wadera Jalalan Bugti)

  • (Kalpar) Deenari: (Wadera Qamaruddin Bugti)

  • (Kalpar) Hothkani: (Wadera Abaad Khan Bugti)

  • Shambani: (Wadera Fazal Khan Bugti)

  • Maretha: (Wadera Sagheera Bugti)

  • Mandhwani: (Wadera Mir Shahnawaz Khan Bugti)

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Famous Bugtis

  • Bugti, meeting with Muhammad Ali JinnahNawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti

    Nawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti (Urdu: نواب اکبر شہاز خان بگٹی) (July 12, 1927–August 26, 2006) was the Tumandar (head) of the Bugti tribe of Baloch and served as Minister of State for Interior and Governor of Balochistan Province in Pakistan.

    After an armed struggle started in Balochistan in 2004, Bugti was widely perceived as a leader but went underground in 2005. On August 26, 2006, after several attempts were made on his life in the preceding months, he was killed in his cave in Kohlu, about 150 miles east of Quetta, leading to widespread unrest in the area, where he is widely regarded as a hero and martyr

  • Early life

    Akbar Bugti was the son of Nawab Mehrab Khan Bugti and a grandson of Sir Shahbaz Khan Bugti. He was born in Barkhan the rural home of the rustic Khetran a (Marri-Bugti) Baloch tribe to which his mother belonged and now an upgraded district of Balochistan, on July 12, 1927. He received his early education from Allama I.I. Kazi and claimed to be educated at Oxford University

  • In Politics

    Nawab Akbar Bugti was elected in a by-election to the National Assembly of Pakistan in May 1958 to fill the vacancy created as a result of the assassination of the incumbent, Dr Khan Sahib, and sat on the government bench as a member of the ruling coalition. Bugti (Republican) served as Minister of State (Interior) in the government of Prime Minister Malik Sir Feroz Khan Noon (Republican) from September 20, 1958, to October 7, 1958, when the cabinet was dismissed on the declaration of Martial Law by President Iskander Mirza.

    He was arrested and convicted by a Military Tribunal in 1960 and subsequently qualify from holding public office. As a result of his legal battles, he did not contest the 1970 general elections. Instead, he campaigned on behalf of his younger brother, Sardar Ahmed Nawaz Bugti, a candidate of the National Awami Party.

    However, Bugti developed differences with the NAP leadership, especially the new Balochistan Governor, Ghaus Baksh Bizenjo. He informed the Federal Government and President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (Pakistan Peoples Party) of the alleged London Plan, which resulted in the dismissal of the provincial governor as well as the Chief Minister Sardar Ataullah Khan Mengal and his cabinet on February 14, 1973. The next day, the Federal Government appointed Bugti as the Governor of Balochistan, and the Pakistan Army was deployed in the province as part of a crackdown on the National Awami Party.

    He resigned on January 1, 1974, after disagreeing with the manner in which the Federal Government was carrying out policies in Balochistan. The army had deployed 100,000 men in Balochistan and with the help of the Iranian airforce killed large numbers of Balochis. Muhammad Raza Shah Pahlavi, the King of Iran, sent F-14 fighter jets and AH-1 gunships along with his pilots, to help Pakistan Army combat the insurgency. The Pakistani army is alleged to have killed more than 4000 Balochi, mostly Marri insurgents, in these operations. Akbar Bugti is said to have supported the military action.

    There was a lull in his activities when General Rahimuddin Khan was appointed Governor of Balochistan in 1978. Bugti remained silent throughout the course of Rahimuddin's rule, which was often characterized by hostility towards the Baloch Sardars.

    In 1988, he joined the Balochistan National Alliance and was elected Chief Minister on February 4, 1989. His government frequently disagreed with the Federal Government led by the Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan Peoples Party).

    Bugti resigned on August 6, 1990, when the provincial assembly was dissolved by Governor of Balochistan General Muhammad Musa Khan in accordance with the instructions of President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, who was exercising his authority by virtue of Article 58 (2 b) of the Constitution of Pakistan. For the 1990 General Elections, Bugti formed his own political party, the Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP), being Balochistan's single largest party and was elected to the provincial assembly.

    In 1993, he was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan, representing the JWP in parliament. Also, in 1993, Nawab Bugti announced his candidacy to be President of Pakistan but later withdrew his candidacy and announced his support of the eventual winner, Sardar Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari. In 1997, Nawab Bugti was re-elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan, representing the JWP

  • Balochistan Conflict

    Bugti was involved in struggles, at times armed ones, in Balochistan in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. He led the current movement in Balochistan for greater autonomy. He was the public face and provided political support for the movement while his grandson, Brahamdagh Khan Bugti, led the Bugti tribesmen.

    In recent years, he was accused by the Pakistani government of being a warlord and running a well-organized militia, sometimes thought to be the shadowy Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) with members numbering in the thousands. The BLA allegedly ran dozens of militant guerrilla training camps. While campaigning from the mountain ranges of Dera Bugti, he was, according to the Pakistani government, directing a “Omar Mukhtar, Fidel Castro and Che Guevara” style guerrilla war. In July 2006, Pakistani president General Musharraf targeted him through aerial bombing, using air force jets and gunship helicopters. The leader of Balochistan National Party, Sardar Akhtar Mengal said, "The increase in bomb attacks in the Bugti and Marri areas are meant to target Baloch nationalist leader Nawab Akbar Bugti and his associates" and called upon the international community to take note of the situation.

  • Death

    On Saturday August 26, 2006, around 2230 hrs (PST), Bugti was killed when a shell exploded in the cave in which he was hiding. The Pakistani government says that he killed himself along with senior security officials by firing a shell when he was cornered by the Pakistani officials who had come unarmed to arrest him, resulting in the collapse of the cave. Five Pakistani troops also died.

    Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf termed his death a victory for Pakistanis and congratulated the secret service chief who carried out this operation. Pakistan's Information Minister Mohammad Ali Durrani, confirmed that the operation included both air and ground assault. In a short telephone interview, made to a private television network, the Pakistani Information Minister said that Bugti's death occurred as the cave he was in collapsed.
    In a recent article the Pakistani Journalist Hamid Mir said that the last time that he talked to Nawab Bugti, he was in the mountains and had called Mir from his satellite phone. In this last conversation with Hamid Mir, Nawab Bugti told him "Read Mir Gul Khan Nasir's book on the history of Balochistan. The Baloch have always resisted unconstitutional measures.I'm not a traitor, the people who go against the Article 6 and take control of Pakistan are the real traitors. I, like Mir Gul Khan Nasir, only put forward the demand for Balochistan's rights. But in General Musharraf's view this is a crime punishable by death. (Bugti Laughs then continues) Your commando general will rest only after he martyrs me but after my martyrdom he will be held responsible. So now it's up to you people to either choose Musharraf or Pakistan. The choice is yours."

  • Funeral and Rioting

    Bugti's death was followed by rioting by hundreds of students from the state-run Balochistan university.As the news flashed across television screens in Pakistan, the government deployed Rangers and paramilitary forces across major cities to prevent a backlash and impose a curfew in the provincial capital, Quetta. Security arrangements for the Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf have been beefed up to the highest level, and his movement has since been very restricted, fearing a retaliatory attack. Security arrangements have been further enhanced in and around all airports of Pakistan. The media both in Pakistan and outside have severely condemend the killing as the "military’s second biggest blunder after Bhutto’s execution" and calling it a "political nightmare".Others have likened it to the East Bengal crisis of 1971 where military violence eventually led to the Bangladesh Liberation War.

    On August 27, 2006, some private media broadcast news that Bugti's grandsons, Brahamdagh and Mir Ali, are still alive, but no official confirmation has been made.On September 1, 2006 Bugti was buried in Dera Bugti with three locks on his coffin, next to the graves of his son and brother. His family, who wanted a public funeral in Quetta, did not attend the burial, they protested against his body being locked in the coffin.

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