| Demographics |
Ghotki District (Sindhi: گھوٽڪي) (Urdu:
گھوٹکی) is a district of Sindh
Province, Pakistan. According to the 1998 census it had a population of
970,549 of which 15.69%. Mirpur Mathelo is the capital of Ghotki District.
The town is located at 28°1'0N 69°19'0E with an altitude of 72 metres (239
ft). Pano Aqil army cantoment is also near Ghotki city but in Sukkur
Ghotki has four seasons i.e. Winter,Spring,Summer and Autumn around the
year. Ghotki is divided in two section City 1 and City 2. City 1 contains
the main area of city markets,dhong mohalla,Anwarabad and new Bus terminal
where as City 2 contains the main area of residence such as Ghota
Market,Railway colony,Rehmoowali and Benezir colony. Ghotki has very fertile
land and main crops it produces are Cotton, Wheat, Suger cane and Rice.
Ghotki is sort of industrial area in Interior Sindh since it hosts Oil and
Gas Development Corporation (OGDC), Engro Chemicals and Fauji Fertilizers.
Popular places of Ghotki main city are Sessions Court, Circuit House, Shahi
Bazzar, Ladies Market,Jamia mosque, Government Park, Rehmoowali Park.Famous
educational institutions of Ghotki main city are Government Degree College,
The University of Kids, Glamour Institute of Information Technology, Roshan
Tara School, Islamia Public School,Ammara Institute of Information
Search Ghotki on Satellite Map
Ghotki was founded by an ambassador general of Raja Ibn Selaj Birhman (a
relative of Raja Dahar of Sindh)in 637 A.D(15th year of Hijra) named Hath
Sam who set up an army settlement/camp after defeating a Muslim Army of
Arabia. The camp later assumed the shape of a village on 17th Shaban in 17th
year of Hijra (639 A.D) when people of different tribes came to settle here.
Two years later the people deserted this village and it again became a land
of birds and animals. In year 695 A.D certain fishermen came here and
settled and named the village as "Miani". But when the river changed its
course the people left the village again to the mercy of jackals.
In 712 A.D Mohammad Bin Qasim conquered the Sindh by defeating Raja Dahar.
Ghot Ibn Samed Ibn Patel a Hindu born to a son of Raja Dahar was settled
here. Ghot voluntarily and happily accepted the Islam on the hands of Arabs
and married to a new Muslim -Emna according to Shariat-e-Mohammadi and gave
birth to a baby boy Tameer from whom the Ghota tribe came into being. Arabs
awarded many jagirs to Ghotas and named this village as "Dharwali" to honour
their grandfather. Subsequently as the Ghotas progressed quantitatively and
culturally the name of village was changed from Dharwali to Loh-e-Saheban
when a Saint came from Bhaghdad whose name was Syed Mubarak Shah Jillani
Baghdadi who married with the girl of Dhareja family the daughter of Adal
Khan Dharejo and permantly settled here. His shrine was built at a village
named Adalpur and to date many people pay homage to the saint by visiting
his grave. After the British conquest of Sindh province in 1847, they
awarded huge blocks of irrigated, fertile land to the Ghotta tribal
chieftains in return of their loyalty to the British. Gradually, the town's
name changed into Ghotki (of Ghottas) in lieu of Loh-e-Saheban.
Jamia Masjid ("Jamia"
In the Ghotki there is a historical grand mosque known as Jamia Masjid
Ghotki. According to a hand-written book "Sahih-ul-Subaten" of Gul
Mohammad, that is available in library of the Madrassa Qasim-ul-uloom of
the Ghotki, Syed Abu Saleh Moosa Shah Hussiani Jillani who was the near
fellow of the famous saint Hazrat Sultan Baho of district Jhang from He
was titled as Ghous Moosa shah, in the days of Mian Noor Mohammad S/O Mian
Yaar Mohammad Abbasi / Kalhoro constructed this Mosque at this time the
name of city was Loh-e-Saheban which means land of purity or place of
purified persons means (Jillani Syeds belongs to Prophet's Family). The
Jamia Masjid is a large mosque.
Find more about
History of Pakistan
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Following are the demographic indicators of the district as per the 1998
census of Pakistan
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