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Explore Pakistan | Cities | Ghotki گھوٹکی

 History | Demographics |

Ghotki District (Sindhi: گھوٽڪي) (Urdu: گھوٹکی) is a district of Sindh Province, Pakistan. According to the 1998 census it had a population of 970,549 of which 15.69%. Mirpur Mathelo is the capital of Ghotki District.

The town is located at 281'0N 6919'0E with an altitude of 72 metres (239 ft). Pano Aqil army cantoment is also near Ghotki city but in Sukkur District.

Ghotki has four seasons i.e. Winter,Spring,Summer and Autumn around the year. Ghotki is divided in two section City 1 and City 2. City 1 contains the main area of city markets,dhong mohalla,Anwarabad and new Bus terminal where as City 2 contains the main area of residence such as Ghota Market,Railway colony,Rehmoowali and Benezir colony. Ghotki has very fertile land and main crops it produces are Cotton, Wheat, Suger cane and Rice. Ghotki is sort of industrial area in Interior Sindh since it hosts Oil and Gas Development Corporation (OGDC), Engro Chemicals and Fauji Fertilizers. Popular places of Ghotki main city are Sessions Court, Circuit House, Shahi Bazzar, Ladies Market,Jamia mosque, Government Park, Rehmoowali Park.Famous educational institutions of Ghotki main city are Government Degree College, The University of Kids, Glamour Institute of Information Technology, Roshan Tara School, Islamia Public School,Ammara Institute of Information Technology.

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Ghotki was founded by an ambassador general of Raja Ibn Selaj Birhman (a relative of Raja Dahar of Sindh)in 637 A.D(15th year of Hijra) named Hath Sam who set up an army settlement/camp after defeating a Muslim Army of Arabia. The camp later assumed the shape of a village on 17th Shaban in 17th year of Hijra (639 A.D) when people of different tribes came to settle here. Two years later the people deserted this village and it again became a land of birds and animals. In year 695 A.D certain fishermen came here and settled and named the village as "Miani". But when the river changed its course the people left the village again to the mercy of jackals.

In 712 A.D Mohammad Bin Qasim conquered the Sindh by defeating Raja Dahar. Ghot Ibn Samed Ibn Patel a Hindu born to a son of Raja Dahar was settled here. Ghot voluntarily and happily accepted the Islam on the hands of Arabs and married to a new Muslim -Emna according to Shariat-e-Mohammadi and gave birth to a baby boy Tameer from whom the Ghota tribe came into being. Arabs awarded many jagirs to Ghotas and named this village as "Dharwali" to honour their grandfather. Subsequently as the Ghotas progressed quantitatively and culturally the name of village was changed from Dharwali to Loh-e-Saheban when a Saint came from Bhaghdad whose name was Syed Mubarak Shah Jillani Baghdadi who married with the girl of Dhareja family the daughter of Adal Khan Dharejo and permantly settled here. His shrine was built at a village named Adalpur and to date many people pay homage to the saint by visiting his grave. After the British conquest of Sindh province in 1847, they awarded huge blocks of irrigated, fertile land to the Ghotta tribal chieftains in return of their loyalty to the British. Gradually, the town's name changed into Ghotki (of Ghottas) in lieu of Loh-e-Saheban.

  • Jamia Masjid ("Jamia" Mosque)

    In the Ghotki there is a historical grand mosque known as Jamia Masjid Ghotki. According to a hand-written book "Sahih-ul-Subaten" of Gul Mohammad, that is available in library of the Madrassa Qasim-ul-uloom of the Ghotki, Syed Abu Saleh Moosa Shah Hussiani Jillani who was the near fellow of the famous saint Hazrat Sultan Baho of district Jhang from He was titled as Ghous Moosa shah, in the days of Mian Noor Mohammad S/O Mian Yaar Mohammad Abbasi / Kalhoro constructed this Mosque at this time the name of city was Loh-e-Saheban which means land of purity or place of purified persons means (Jillani Syeds belongs to Prophet's Family). The Jamia Masjid is a large mosque.

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Following are the demographic indicators of the district as per the 1998 census of Pakistan

  • Hindus, Christians and Urdu speakers are mainly concentrated in the urban areas



  • Islam  93.06%

  • Hinduism  6.68%

  • Christianity  0.14%

  • Ahmaddiya  0.08%

  • Others: 0.04%


  • Sindhi  92.29%

  • Urdu  3.08%

  • Punjabi 2.92%

  • Seraiki 0.60%

  • Baluch 0.53%

  • Pashto 0.28%

  • Others 0.29%

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