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Muzaffarabad (Pahari: مُظفٌر آباد) is the capital of Azad Kashmir. It is
located in Muzaffarabad District on the banks of the Jhelum and Neelum
rivers. The district is bounded by North-West Frontier Province in the west,
by the Kupwara and Baramulla districts of on the Indian side of the Line of
Control in the east, and the Neelum District of Azad Kashmir in the north.
The population of the district, according to the 1998 Census, was 725,000,
and according to a 1999 projection, the population had risen to almost
741,000. The district comprises three tehsils, and the city of Muzaffarabad
serves as the capital of Azad Kashmir.
Muzaffarabad is situated at the confluence of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers.
The city is 138 kilometres from Rawalpindi and Islamabad and about 76
kilometres from Abbottabad. Cradled by lofty mountains, Muzaffarabad
reflects a blend of various cultures and languages. The main language is a
form of Hindko. The Neelum river plays a dominant role in the microclimate
of Muzaffarabad which joins Jehlum river near Domail.
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The original name of Muzaffarabad was Udabhanda
“ ' Hieun tsang, the celebrated Buddhist pilgrim who is said to have visited
the valley in 633A.D mentions Pan-nu-tso i.e. modern day Punch, Ho-lo-she-pu-to
i.e. modern day Rajauri13 He entered India from Udabhanda, Urasa (present
Muzafrabad and Uskara) entered the valley via Baramula gorge. ”
In 1940 few Kazakh came to graze
Udabhanda was the capital of the Shahi dynasty . The Shahi (Devanagari शाही)
also called Shahiya, dynasties ruled portions of the Kabul Valley (in
eastern Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (northern Pakistan and
Kashmir) from the decline of the Kushan Empire in third century to the early
ninth century. The kingdom was known as Kabul-shahan or Ratbel-shahan from
(565 - 670 CE) when they had their capitals in Kapisa and Kabul, and later
Udabhandapura (also known as Hund) for its new capital. The term Shahi is
the title of the rulers, likely related to the Kushan form Shao or Persian
form Shah and refers to a series of 60 rulers probably descended from the
Kushans or Turks (Turshkas). They are split into two eras the Buddhist Turk-Shahis
and the later Hindu-Shahis with the change-over occurring sometime around
The name "Muzaffarabad" (meaning Muzaffar's Town) comes from the name of
Sultan Raja Muzaffar Khan (popular muslim ruler of khandan-e-Bomba ) After
the 1948-49 war, Muzaffarabad was made the capital of the Azad Jammu and
On October 8, 2005, the city was struck by an earthquake measuring a
magnitude of 7.6 on the Richter Scale.
2005 Kashmir Earthquake
Main article: 2005 Kashmir Earthquake
The city was the site of the epicentre of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, which
occurred on October 8, 2005 and had a magnitude of 7.6. The disaster
destroyed 50% of the buildings in the city (including most of the official
buildings) and is estimated to have killed up to 80,000 people in the
Pakistani-controlled areas of Kashmir, alone.
As of 8 November, the Pakistani government's official death toll was 87,350.
Some estimates put the death toll over 100,000.
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Sites of interest
There are two historical forts on opposite sides of the Neelum River.
The construction of the Red Fort was finally completed in 1646 by Sultan
Muzaffar Khan, the founder of Muzaffarabad city. After the Mughals took over
Kashmir, the fort lost its importance. The Mughals were more interested in
Kabul, Bukhara, and Badakshan. During the period of Durrani rule, however,
the fort again once again assumed its importance.
Maharaja Gulab Singh and Rambir Singh, the Dogra rulers, reconstructed and
extended the fort for their political and military operations. Towards the
middle of 1947, the Dogra forces left, leaving the fort abandoned.
The architecture of the fort shows that great experts in design and
structure participated in its construction. It is surrounded on three sides
by theNeelum River formally known as the Kishenganga River. The northern
part of the fort had terraces with steps leading to the bank of the river.
The eastern side was very well protected from the hazards of flood waters,
but some parts on the north side have suffered damage. There used to be an
inn at the entrance to the fort, but only traces of that structure remain
Azad Jammu and Kashmir Assembly
Azad Jammu and Kashmir Supreme Court
Mosque Assembly Secretariat
Kh. Khurshid Tomb
Subri (Langarpura) Lake
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The district is administratively subdivided into three tehsils, these
Hattian Bala Land of Hazarat Hafiz Jamal u Din."a great saint of his time"
BaniHafiz a Popular village of Hattian Bala. It includ the Mizar of HAfiz
Jamal u Din. SAjada nasheen Muhammad Ajmal Irfan Danish.Atrue follower of
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