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Explore Pakistan | Cities | Peshawar پشاور
 

History | Indo-Greek Peshawar | Gandharan Peshawar | Arrival of Islam | Pashtun Kings | Under British- Rule | Durand Line | Independence and Instability | Culture | Peshawar Development Authority | Educational Institutions | Tourism | Transportation | Media | Notable people
 

Peshawar GatePeshāwar ( Pashto: پېښور Pekhawar / Peshawar, Hindko: پِشور Pishor, Urdu: پشاور), is the capital of the North-West Frontier Province and the administrative centre for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan but not the capital of the federal regional territory. The Kushan king Kanishka, moved the capital from Pushkalavati (now called Charsadda in the Peshawar valley) to Purushapura in the 2nd century AD. The current name "Peshawar" may derive from the Sanskrit Purushapura (meaning "city of men") and is known as Pekhawar or Peshawar in Pashto and Pishor in Hindko. The area originally belonged to Gandhara and the eastern Iranian tribes of Scythian origin and later became part of the Kushan Empire empire. It gave its name to the Peshwari naan bread, one of the diverse genres of naan common in the curry houses of Great Britain. Briefly it also witnessed some Greek influence after which it saw the Arab conquest and rise of Islam. It then became one of the centers of Afghan empire. Today it is one of the prime cities of Pakistan west of the river Indus
 

 
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Places of Interest | Hotels | Eating & Dining | Parks & Gardens | Educational Institutes | Hospitals | Sport- Centers | Banks | ATM | Fuel Stations | CNG Stations  | Police Stations | Shopping /Trade


History

Peshawar MuseumPeshawar is now officially recognised as being one of the Oldest Living Cities in Asia. Its history and culture has continued uninterrupted since several centuries. This fact was confirmed by the discovery of silver punch-marked coins from the Government House in 1906-07 and the ongoing excavation at Gor Khatri which is the deepest and widest in the world. Being among the most ancient cities of the region between Central, South, and West Asia, Peshawar has for centuries been a centre of trade between Afghanistan, South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. As an ancient center of learning, the 2nd century B.C.E. Bakhshali Manuscript used in the Bakhshali approximation was found nearby.Peshawar is also the setting of the famous story Peshawar Nights, which was an exchange between a Shia scholar and a Sunni audience over the course of eleven nights, which presumably resulted in their acceptance of Shi'ism.

Peshawar was a major center of Buddhist learning until the 10th century. As an indication of its importance, Peshawar was also the site of Kanishka's Great Stupa which housed relics of Gautama Buddha, and was widely considered to be the tallest building in the world at the time of its construction. Ancient Chinese manuscripts tell of Buddhist pilgrims such as Faxian, Sung Yun, and Xuanzang reporting that the 7th century stupa, which was rediscovered in the south east of the city at a site called Shahji-ki-Dheri in 1907-08, had a height of 591689 feet.

Peshawar emerged as a centre of both Hindko and Pashtun intellectuals. Its dominant culture for much of British rule was that of the Hindko speakers, also referred to as "Khaarian" ('city dwellers' in Pashto).Its unique culture, distinct from the surrounding Pashtun areas, led to the city being romanticised by Pashto singers, with songs like larsha Pekhwar tha (let us go to Peshawar) and more recently Pekhawar kho pekhawar dhay kana. This unique culture has gradually disappeared with the massive influx of Afghan refugees and the increasing migration of Pashtuns into the city. The demographics has changed quite dramatically and Pashto is now the dominant language of the city.

Lady Reading HospitalPeshawar is located in an area that was dominated by various tribes of Indo-Iranian origin. The region was affiliated with the ancient kingdom of Gandhara and had links to the Harappan civilization of the Indus River Valley and to Bactria and other ancient kingdoms based in Afghanistan. According to the historian Tertius Chandler, Peshawar had a population of 120,000 in the year 100 BCE, making it the seventh most populous city in the world.

Vedic mythology refers to an ancient settlement called Pushkalavati in the area, after Pushkal, the son of King Bharata in the epic Ramayana, but this settlement's existence remains speculative and unverifiable.In recorded history, the earliest major city established in the general area of Peshawar was called Purushapura (Sanskrit for City of Men) and was founded by the Kushans, a Central Asian tribe of Tocharian origin, over 2,000 years ago. Prior to this period the region was affiliated with Gandhara, an ancient Indo-Iranian kingdom, and was annexed first by the Persian Achaemenid empire and then by the Hellenic empire of Alexander the Great. The city passed into the rule of Alexander's successor, Seleucus I Nicator who ceded it to Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Maurya Empire in 305 BCE. Buddhism was introduced into the region at this time and may have claimed the majority of Peshawar's inhabitants before the coming of Islam

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Indo-Greek Peshawar

Sunehri  MosqueThe area that Peshawar occupies was then seized by the Greco-Bactrian king, Eucratides (170 - 159 BCE), and was controlled by a series of Greco-Bactrian and later Indo-Greek kings who ruled an empire that spanned from present day Pakistan to North India. Later, the city came under the rule of several Parthian and Indo-Parthian kings, another group of Iranic invaders from Central Asia, the most famous of whom, Gondophares, ruled the city and its environs starting in circa 46 CE, and was briefly followed by two or three of his descendants before they were displaced by the first of the "Great Kushans", Kujula Kadphises, around the middle of the 1st century CE

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Gandharan Peshawar

Peshawar formed the eastern capital of the empire of Gandhara under the Kushan king Kanishka, who reigned from at least 127 CE. Peshawar became a great centre of Buddhist learning. Kanishka built what may have been the tallest building in the world at the time, a giant stupa, to house the Buddha's relics, just outside the Ganj Gate of the old city of Peshawar.

Ghorkhatri PeshawarThe Kanishka stupa was said to be an imposing structure as one travelled down from the mountains of Afghanistan onto the Gandharan plains. The earliest account of the famous building is by the Chinese Buddhist pilgrim monk, Faxian, who visited it in 400 and described it as being over 40 chang in height (probably about 120 m or 394 ft) and adorned "with all precious substances". "Of all the stpas and temples seen by the travellers, none can compare with this for beauty of form and strength." It was destroyed by lightning and repaired several times. It was still in existence at the time of Xuanzang's visit in 634. From the ruined base of this giant stupa there existed a jewelled casket containing relics of the Buddha, and an inscription identifying Kanishka as the donor, and was excavated from a chamber under the very centre of the stupa's base, by a team under Dr. D.B. Spooner in 1909. The stupa was roughly cruciform in shape with a diameter of 286 feet (87 meters) and heavily decorated around the sides with stucco scenes.

Sometime in the 1st millennium BCE, the group that now dominates Peshawar began to arrive from the Suleiman Mountains of southern Afghanistan to the southwest, the Pashtuns. Over the centuries the Pashtuns would come to dominate the region and Peshawar has emerged as an important center of Pashtun culture along with Kandahar and Kabul as well as Quetta in more recent times. Muslim Arab and Turkic arrived and annexed the region before the beginning of the 2nd millennium.

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Arrival of Islam

The Pashtuns began to convert to Islam following early annexation by the Arab Empire from Khurasan (in what is today western Afghanistan and northeastern Iran).

Sebuktagin dying in 997 was succeeded as governor of Khorasan by his son Mahmud, who throwing off all dependence on the Samani  princes, assumed the title of Sultan in 999, and from this reign the Hindu religion in these parts may be said to have received a death blow. In the early reign of this celebrated invader of India the plains of Peshawar were again the scene of some great battles, the first of which was fought on the maira between Nowshera and the Indus, in the year 1001. Mahmud was opposed by Jaipal, who had been constantly endevouring to recover the country wrested from him by Sebuktagin, still aided by some Pathans whose allegiance to the Muslim governor of Peshawar was not of long continuance.

The battle took place on November 27 and the Hindus were one again routed, Jaipal himself being taken prisoner, who upon his subsequent release resigned the crown to his son Anandpal. On this occasion Mahmud punished the Pathans who had sided with the enemy, and as they were now converted entirely to the Islam, they stayed true to their new allegiance, and joined the Sultan in his wars against the infidels

Peshawar was taken by Turkic Muslims in 988 and was incorporated into the larger Mughal domains by the 16th century. The founder of the Mughul dynasty that would conquer South Asia, Babur, who hailed from current Uzbekistan, came to Peshawar and founded a city called Bagram where he rebuilt the fort in 1530. His grandson, Akbar, formally named the city Peshawar, meaning "The Place at the Frontier" in Persian and expanded the bazaars and fortifications. The Muslim technocrat, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and Sufis flocked from the rest of the Muslim world to Islamic Sultanate in South Asia and many settled in the Peshawar region

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Reigns of the Pashtun Kings

 Sethi Sreet PeshawarThe Pashtun conqueror Sher Shah Suri, turned Peshawar's renaissance into a boom when he ran his Delhi-to-Kabul Shahi Road through the Khyber Pass and Peshawar. Thus the Mughals turned Peshawar into a "City of Flowers" by planting trees and laying out gardens similar to those found to the west in Iran. Khushal Khan Khattak, the Pashtun/Afghan warrior poet, was born near Peshawar and his life was intimately tied to the city. Khattak was an early Pashtun nationalist, who agitated for an independent Afghanistan including Peshawar. As such, he was an implacable foe of the Mughal rulers, especially Aurangzeb.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, by the 18th century the city came under Persian control during the reign of Nadir Shah. In 1747, following a loya jirga, Peshawar would join the Afghan/Pashtun empire of Ahmad Shah Durrani as a Pakthun region. Pashtuns from Peshawar took part in the incursions of South Asia during the rule of Ahmad Shah Durrani and his successors

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Peshawar Under British Rule

Old City Gate PeshawarIn 1812, Peshawar was on the edge of Afghan controlled territory, but threatened by the Sikhs. The arrival of a party led by British explorer and former agent of the East India Company, William Moorcroft was seen as an advantage, both in dealings with Kabul and in protection against the Sikhs of Lahore. He was even offered the governership of Peshawar and invited to offer the area's allegiance to the East India Company, which he declined. Moorcroft continued to Kabul in the company of Peshwari forces and thence to the Hindu Kush.

Sikh rule of the city was disastrous for the city, many of its gardens and monuments were destroyed. The city's population dwindled to half of what it was. With the collapse of the Sikh Empire, following the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and the Sikh defeat in the second Anglo-Sikh War, the British occupied Peshawar in 1849.

The mountainous areas outside of the city were mapped out in 1893 by Sir Mortimer Durand, then foreign secretary of the British Indian government, who demarcated the boundary of his colony with the Afghan ruler at the time, Abdur Rahman Khan. It is now known as the Durand Line. The Kabul government has argued that the pact expired when British colonialists left the region - although claims to the region have not been a part of official Afghan policy

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Durand Line

In 1893, Mortimer Durand negotiated with Abdur Rahman Khan the Amir of Afghanistan , the frontier between Afghanistan, the FATA , North-West Frontier Province and Baluchistan Provinces of Pakistan, the successor state of British India, and Afghanistan.

This line, the Durand Line, is named after Sir Mortimer Durand and remains the international boundary between Afghanistan and modern-day Pakistan, officially recognized by most nations but and ongoing point of contention between the two countries.

In 1893, Sir Mortimer Durand was deputed to Kabul by the government of British India for this purpose of settling an exchange of territory required by the demarcation of the boundary between northeastern Afghanistan and the Russian possessions, and in order to discuss with the Amir Abdur Rahman Khan other pending questions. The Amir showed his ability in diplomatic argument, his tenacity where his own views or claims were in debate, with a sure underlying insight into the real situation.

The territorial exchanges were amicably agreed upon; the relations between the British Indian and Afghan governments, as previously arranged, were confirmed; and an understanding was reached upon the important and difficult subject of the border line of Afghanistan on the east, towards India.

In 1893 during rule of Amir Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan a "Royal Commission for setting up of Boundary" the Durand Line between Afghanistan and the British-governed India was set up, to negotiate terms with the British, for the Agreeing to the Durand line , and the two parties camped at Parachinar, now part of FATA Pakistan, which is near Khost Afghanistan.

From the British side the camp was attended by Sir Mortimer Durand and Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum, Political Agent Khyber.

The Afghanistan side was represented by Sahibzada Abdul Latif and the Governor KhostSardar Shireendil Khan representing the Amir.

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Independence and Instability

In 1947, Peshawar became part of the newly independent state of Pakistan after politicians from the Frontier approved merger into the state that had just been carved from British India. While a large majority of people approved of this action, others believed in the unity of India, such as Abdul Ghaffar Khan. Still others believed that the province should have ascended to Afghanistan - a position which later evolved into a call for a state independent of both Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Until the mid-1950s, Peshawar was enclosed within a city wall and sixteen gates. Of the old city gates, the most famous was the Kabuli Gate but only the name remains to this date. Peshawar has not grown as much in size or capacity as the population has. As a result it has become a polluted and overcrowded city.

During the 1980s Soviet war in Afghanistan, Peshawar served as a political centre for the Inter-Services Intelligence-trained mujahideen groups, and housed Afghan refugees at the Jalozai refugee camp. There were a total of about 100,000 Afghan refugees reported in Peshawar during the 1988 election when Benazir Bhutto was running for Prime Minister of Pakistan.Peshawar managed to assimilate many of the ethnic Pashtun Afghans with relative ease and many of them still remain in Pakistan.

Peshawar continues to be a city that links Pakistan with Afghanistan as well as Central Asia, and has emerged as an important regional city in Pakistan. It remains a focal point for Pashtun culture. Today, like the surrounding region, it is at the crossroads of the struggle between the extremist Taliban and moderates, liberals and Pashtun nationalists. As a demonstration of their determination to destroy Pashtun icons, the Taliban bombed the shrine of the most beloved Pashtun poet, Rahman Baba, in 2009

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Culture  

KarKhano Market PeshawarPeshawar is the centre of Pashtun culture and arts in Pakistan. With the Soviet war in Afghanistan in the 1980s and the influx of Afghan refugees into Pakistan, Peshawar became home for many Afghan musicians and artists. The city has become the centre for Pashto music and cinema as well Persian music for the Tajiks. There is also a thriving book publishing activity in the Persian language in Peshawar, concentrated primarily on Islamic Shia literature and located in the Qissa Khawani Bazaar where it is operated by Shia Hindkowaan.

However, the election of the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) Islamic coalition in 2002 resulted in restrictions on public musical performances, as well as a ban on playing recorded music on public transports. Peshawar has become host to a thriving underground scene. In 2008, the secular Awami National Party (ANP) swept elections and won power from the Islamic coalition. Since then, some restrictions have been lifted, but there has not been a full restoration of the liberties guaranteed before the MMA victory in 2002.

The historic old city of Peshawar was once a heavily guarded citadel with high walls. Today, not much remains of the walls, but the houses and havelis have an essence of days gone by. Most of the houses are made of unbaked bricks with wooden structures for protection against earthquakes. Many of them have beautifully carved wooden doors and latticed wooden balconies. Areas such as Sethi Mohallah still contain many fine examples of the old architecture of Peshawar. There are many historic monuments and bazaars in the Old city, including the Mohabbat Khan Mosque and Kotla Mohsin Khan, Chowk Yadgar and the Qissa Khawani Bazaar.

The walled city was surrounded by several main gates which severed as the main entry points into the city, some of which still survive today. They include: Lahori Gate, Sarasia Gate, Ganj Gate, Sirki Gate, Sard Chah Gate, Kohati Gate Former Gates which were demolished during wars were Kabuli Gate, Berikian Gate, Bajori Gate, Yakatut Gate, Dabgari Gate, Kachahri Gate, and Hasht Nagri Gate

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Peshawar Development Authority

Peshawar Development Authority (PDA) is the department in charge of construction in Peshawar. This includes roads, parks, and plant life.

The department (CD&MD) was renewed because of the immense corruption which had taken place before.Its first Director General was Malik Saad.The then governor Lt. Gen Iftikhar Hussain Shah specifically requested Malik Saad to help tackle the corruption and bring the department back up to its former success again.This decision proved successful, because not only was the corruption tackled, but also the city`s development was in full gear and the city`s only fully functional flyover,also named after Malik Saad, was built along with many other projects and developments in the city.

Nimak Mandai is the central selling point for cooked meat and is famous throughout Pakistan

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Educational Institutions  Satellite View of Educational institutes


Islamia College at the Peshawar UniversityWith the level of higher education on the rise, there has been a surge [citation needed] of prestigious educational institutions in Peshawar. The prestigious University of Peshawar (UOP) was established in October 1950 by the first Prime Minister of Pakistan in Peshawar. Edwardes College which was founded in 1900 by Herbert Edwardes is the oldest and one of the finest colleges in the province. The Islamia College was founded in 1913 and is also a well known institution.

 

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Tourism

Peshawar is one of the oldest cities of the world[citation needed]. It is a conservative Islamic city with a rich history. It offers everything from goldsmiths and silversmiths, traditional carpets (one of the big exports of Pakistan today), pottery, and clothing to artwork in wood, brass or semi-precious stones. The old walled city was known for its 16 gates Bijouri, Kabuli, Aasamai, Kutcheri, Rampura, Hasht Nagri, Toot, Kohati, Sirki, Thandi Khoi, Barzaqan, Ganj, Ramdas, Dabgari, and Lahore Gate. The names given to these gates are significant. It was Sikh General Avitabile who built a mud wall surrounding the city.[29] Under the British nearly the whole of the enclosure wall had been built of pucca brick.[30] There are many bazaars with different goods and souvenirs for travellers. The main ones include the historic Qissa Khawani Bazaar, the Copper market, Chowk Yadgar and Andarsheher Bazaar. In addition because of its access to the Khyber pass, the Khyber train safari starts from here.

General

  • Governor's House

  • Mattani

  • Deans Trade Center

  • Peshawar Garrison Club

  • Aviator's Station - The site where freedom fighters of the 1857 independence movement were blown from guns.

  • Danish Abad and Board Bazaar

  • Hayatabad

  • Kotla Mohsin Khan - The residence of Mazullah Khan, seventeenth century Pashtu poet.

  • Durrani Graveyard

  • Sethi Mohallah

  • Garhi Qamardin

  • Palosi - A famous village situated on the back of Agricultural University Peshawar. It is subdivided into four parts called as Piran, Attozai, Maghdarzai, and Turlazai.

    Forts

  • Bala Hisar Fort

  • Burj Hari Singh - Sikh fort founded by Sikh General Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa (no longer exists)

    Colonial M0onuments

  • Bara Bridge built by Mughal rulers in 1629.

  • Chowk Yadgar - Formerly Hastings memorial

  • Cunningham clock tower built in 1900. Called Ghanta Ghar

  • Avitabile's Pavilion

  • Edwardes School - The residence of Yar Mohammad Khan, the last Durrani Governor of Peshawar

    Buddhist
     

  • Gor Khuttree - An ancient site of Buddha's alms or begging bowl. Headquarter of Syed Ahmad Shaheed, Governor Avitabile

  • Pashto Academy - The site of an ancient Buddhist University

  • Shah Ji Ki Dheri - The site of Kanishka's famous Buddhist monastery.

    Hindu
     

  • Panch Tirath - An ancient Hindu site now converted into a park

    Sikh
     

  • Sikh Gurudwara at Jogan Shah

    Mausoleums
     

  • Tomb of Sheikh Imamuddin (d.1650) at Palosi Piran.

  • Tomb of Rahman Baba (d.1706)

  • Tomb of Akhund Darweza (d.1638)

  • Tomb of Sheikh Sultan Baba

  • Mausoleum of Nawab Sayed Khan

  • Ziarat of Ashab Baba

  • Burj-e-Roshnai

    Parks
     

  • Army Stadium - Amusement Park for children and families with restaurants, banks, play pans and shopping arcade.

  • Cunningham Park/Jinnah Park- Situated opposite Historic Bala Hisar Fort, close to Asamai Gate and Lady Reading Hospital.

  • Wazir Bagh - Laid in 1802, by Fatteh Khan, Prime Minister of Shah Mahmud Khan.

  • Ali Mardan Khan Gardens - Formerly Company Bagh now Khalid bin Waleed Park.

  • Shahi Bagh - A small portion of which constitutes the current site of Arbab Niaz Stadium.

  • Garrison Park - Located at Prime Location of Shami Road under Army Control.

  • Tatara Park - Located in Hayatabad for children and families.

    Mosques
     

  • Mohabbat Khan Mosque

  • Ganj Ali Khan Mosque

  • Qasim Ali Khan Mosque

  • Sonehri Masjid

  • Zarghooni MOsque

  • Bilal Masjid Shami Road.

    Museums
     

  • Peshawar Museum (Victoria Memorial Hall)

  • Agha Khan Museum, Peshawar University

    Shopping
     

  • Gul Haji Plaza

  • Qissa Khawani Bazaar

  • Karkhano Market

  • Deans Trade Centre

  • Jans Arcade

  • Imperial Stores

  • City Towers

  •  Jawad Towers

  • Town Towers

  • Saddar Bazar

  • Mall Towers

  • University road

    Hotels
     

  • Pearl Continental

  • Khan Klub

  • Grand Hotel

  • Marhaba Hotel

  • Hidayat Hotel

  • North West

  • Heritage Hotel

    Coffee Bars, Cafes and Restaurants
     

  • Masooms Cafe

  • Cafe De'Viento

  • Cafe De'Milan

  • Namak Mandi

  • Charsi Tikka Shop

  • Potato- Plus

  • SS Club

  • Chief Pizzas and Burgers

  • KFC

  • Pizza Hut

  • Four Seasons

  • Shiraz Restaurants

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Transportation

The Peshawar International Airport serves the city and the province of the North-West Frontier as the main international airport in the region. It is served by all airlines of Pakistan as well as many major airlines including Emirates and Qatar Airways who have regular flights to the Persian Gulf and forward connections to Europe. The city is linked to the main motorway as well as the Karakorum Highway from which it is connected to all of the major cities of Pakistan including Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Faisalabad and Multan. The roads are also linked to Afghanistan and China. Afghanistan is linked through the Khyber Pass, which is the main gateway for both cargo and passenger travel. In the city, there are all sorts of methods to travel around, from coaches, buses, rickshaws, auto rickshaws, yellow and black taxis, to traditional methods such as horse and carts. Peshawar Railway Station is run by Pakistan Railways, the largest operator of rail companies in Pakistan, with connections to all parts of Pakistan as well as Afghanistan
.

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Media  Media & News in Pakistan

Being the capital city for the Pashto and Paktuns, Peshawar is a focal point for various literature, political and media related personalities. Aaj Daily is one of many newspapers published from the city. The city also hosts its own film industry, Pollywood, where countless Pashto films have been made.

Men of Letters include, Farigh Bukhari, Raza Hamadani, Mohsin Ihsan, Khatir Ghaznavi, Taaha Khan, Zahoor Awan, Taj Saeed, Zaitoon Bano, Sajjad Babar, Nazeer Tabassum, Malik Nasir Ali Nasir, Qasim Hasrat, Majid Sarhadi, Younus Qiasi, Nasir Ali Sayed, Amjad Hussain Muhammad Hashim Babar

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Notable people

Abdul Wahid Yousafi - Journalist Pride of Performance
Abdur Rab Nishtar - Muslim religious leader
Agha Mir Abbas [1907-37] Businessman/Poet
A. K. Hangal - Indian film actor
Badshah Munir Bukhari - Linguist
DIG Malik Saad - Highly decorated senior police officer. Former Chief Capital City police officer; martyred in suicide bombing on January 27, 2007. Recipient of Nishan-i-Shujaat; highest civilian award for bravery.
Justice (Rtd) Khan Habibullah Khan Marwat (1901-78) Meenakhel by origin, educated at Islamia College Peshawar, Edwardes College Peshawar, ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY. Justice of West Pakistan High Court, first & second Chairman of the Senate of Pakistan. Acting President of Pakistan when President Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry went abroad. Pakistan's Interior Minister and also Chief Minister of West Pakistan (One Unit). Elected to the first Legislative Council of NWFP (1932) first as a member and later Deputy Speaker.
Anwar Kamal Khan Marwat is a MeenaKhel by origin and former Member of Provincial Assembly as well as former Provincial Minister and Senator. Currently General Secretary PML (N) NWFP.
Dilip Kumar - Indian film actor
Ismail Gulgee - Pakistani artist
Jansher Khan - Squash player and several times world champion
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan - Pakistani politician/political leader
Khan Abdul Ghani Khan - Pakistani poet & philosopher
Khushal Khan Khattak - Pashto poet
Mir Sajjad Hussein Kazmi [1933-92] educator
Mulk Raj Anand - Writer in English
Patras Bokhari, Urdu scholar, humorist, educator, essayist, broadcaster and diplomat
Raheem Shah - Pakistani singer
Rahimullah Yusufzai- Journalist
Rahman Baba - Pashto poet
Raj Kapoor - Indian film actor
Rangeela - Pakistani film actor
Umer Gul - Cricket player
Vinod Khanna - Indian superstar
Yasir Hamid - Cricket player
Amjad Khan
Prithviraj Kapoor
Hashim Khan
Jahangir Khan
Shahid Afridi
Younis Khan
Shahrukh khan - Indian actor, migrated from Peshawar to Delhi
Syed Askar Ali Shah-NWFP - Police, journalist
Thakur Das - Lawyer
Najibullah Zazi - Convicted al-Qaeda member

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