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Explore Pakistan | Cities | Rajanpur راجن پور

History | Demographics | Languages | Tribes | Non-Government Organizations | Living Style| Education | Places of Interest | Poets | Agriculture | Irrigation System | Floods

Rajanpur District is a district of Punjab province in Pakistan. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan it had a population of 1,103,618 of which 14.27% were urban.

The district lies entirely West of the Indus River (Sind River); it is a narrow, 20 to 40 miles wide strip of land sandwiched between the Indus River on the East and the Sulaiman Mountains on the West. The town is approximately nine miles from the West bank of the river. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan it had a population of 42,986.

Rajanpur was named by a warlord Makhdoom Shaikh Rajan in 1772-73. It remained a small and little known village located on the road from Dera Ghazi Khan (Punjab) to Sukkur (Sindh) until 1862. In that year, Mithankot, a relatively larger and more prosperous town located southeast of Rajanpur, was completely destroyed by floods. Resultantly, the administrative offices of the British government were moved from Mithankot to Rajanpur, because of its being located at a safer distance from the river. Many prosperous Hindu Arora merchants and traders also shifted from Mithankot to Rajanpur. It became a municipality and the tahsil headquarters in 1873.

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Rajanpur derives its name from the Town Rajanpur which was founded by Makhdoom Sheikh Rajan Shah in 1731 - 33 A.D. Rajanpur District was carved out from Dera Ghazi Khan District in 1982. Rajanpur is situated on the right bank of River Indus which is bounded on the North by Dera Ghazi Khan, in the East by Muzaffargarh and Rahim Yar Khan Districts, in the South lies District Jacobabad of Sindh Province while on the West are the Districts of Dera Bugti and Barkhan of Balochistan Province. The de-excluded area of Rajanpur is connected with Sulaiman Mountains in the Western side.

It remained a small and little known village, located on the road from Dera Ghazi Khan in Punjab to Sukkur in Sindh until 1862. In that year, Mithankot, a larger and more prosperous town, located on the Indus River several miles South-East of Rajanpur, was completely destroyed by river floods. The administrative offices of the Assistant District Commissioner of the British government were moved from Mithankot to Rajanpur, because of its location at a safe distance from the river. Many prosperous Hindu Arora merchants and traders also moved from Mithankot to Rajanpur. It became a municipality and the tehsil headquarters in 1873.

The District Rajanpur is famous due to the shrine of Hazrat Khawaja Ghulam Farid in Mithankot. He was a renound Sufi Bazurg of the Sub-continent. He has expressed his ideas in Punjabi & Sariaki poetry. His famous book is Dewan-e-Khawaja Farid. He has many disciples in the whole muslim world.

The five rivers of the Punjab are meeting on the point called WanG(Town) near Mithankot due to that particular importance, Rjanpur is also known to the people of the Pakistan.

Rajanpur is also playing the role as the connector of the three provinces of the Punjab. It is the last district of the Punjab; in the West it is bordering with Dera Bugti of Baluchistan Province; in the South-West, it is bordering with the Kashmoor of Sindh province. So its geographical importance becomes highly sensitive for the Punjab.

There is an important thing to note that in the hilly areas of Rajanpur, there is a town called MARRI situated on the high altitude of the mountain areas where temperature remains low in the high summer days.(Safdar MAlik)

There are many small villages near by in this district but most famous is FAZIL pur Because of his literacy rate. The litracy rate in this village is 90% because of a large number of school, colleges & acadmies in this village, the students from the nearby area also prefer to study in this village because of high quality standard schools. There were many students who are now Doctors, Engineers, Charted accountant , Professors etc. The most well know names of this area are Dr.Asghar Nawaz, Dr.Irfan Kalia, Dr.Subhani, Dr. Jamil, Dr.Shakeel, Engineer Rashid, Engineer M.Akbar Nawaz, Professor Ejaz Korai,Ibrar Khan Yousafzai, Abdurahman, Dr. Abdul Sttar, Teacher Mr.Mirran and many more from this area.

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Rajanpur is the headquarters of Rajanpur District and Tehsil, is located in the extreme southwest part of Punjab, Pakistan (29:06N, 70:19E) with a geographical span of 12,319 km2. It is one of the only two districts of Punjab located west of the Indus River. The land is sandwiched by river Indus on one side, while the Sulaiman mountains range on the other. According to the National Census Report 1998, it had a population of 1,103,618 of which 14.27% were urban. Under the local administrative break up, whole district is divided into three Tehsils and 43 Union Councils (UCs).

Rajanpur was named by a warlord Makhdoom Shaikh Rajan in 1772-73. It remained a small and little known village located on the road from Dera Ghazi Khan to Sukkur until 1862. In that year, Mithankot, a relatively larger and more prosperous town located southeast of Rajanpur, was completely destroyed by floods. Resultantly, the administrative offices of the British government were moved from Mithankot to Rajanpur, because of its being located at a safer distance from the river.

Recently Qatar Charity has started its integerated Development programme in the District, it includes livlihoods, WASH and Disaster Risk Reduction, their office is located in Bodla Colony.


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Saraiki and Balochi are the main languages spoken in the district. However, Urdu is also becoming a third language commonly spoken in the literate community.


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Fuduel System also exists in the Rajanpur. Gopang,Gurchani, Dreshik and Mazari are the main tribes of the Rajanpur.


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Non-Government Organizations

The situation of the development in the district is very low due to the lack of the resources and education but the Government as well as the NGOs are working to imrove the standards of livings of the local population. There are working many organizations but the INDUS DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION is serious to meet the new challenges and is targeting on Education and on the capacity buiding of the Youth, so that they might be able to keep pace with the time. Some of the Programme are given below

  • Literacy Programme

  • Information Technology Programme

  • Capacity Building and Training

  • Women Action Group (WAG)

  • Indus Youth Group

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Living Style

The people of the Rajanpur are very simple, they wear Shalwar Qameez in their daily life. They are lazy and avoid to work.(SAFDAR MALIK, MITHANKOT)


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  • Govt. College, Rajanpur.

  • Govt. College for Women, Rajanpur

  • Govt. College, Rojhan Distt. Rajanpur

  • Govt. College, Jampur.

  • Govt. College for Women, Jampur

  • Govt. commerce collage. Rajan pur

  • Govt.Primary schoolBasti Bohar Fazilpur

  • Govt. High School Noushera West (Dajal), Tehsil Jampur

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Places of Interest

  • Kot Mithan

    In Rajanpur, Kot Mithan the shrine of the great Sufi Saraiki poet Khawaja Ghulam Farid is the historical place in district of Rajanpur

  • Fazilpur

    In Rajanpur, Fazilpur the shrine of the great Peer/Sufi Hazrat Chan Charagh Shah Sain Al
    Maroof Ghorrey Shah Sain is the historical place in the district of Rajanpur.

  • Harand Fort

    It is situateted in the tribal area of Rajanpur.

  • Marri

    Marri is the resort in Rajanpur similar to Muree.

  • Rojhan

    The whole rojhan town is worth to see. Specially the buildings made by Mazari nawabs and sardar's in last couple of centuries. Including Meeri bangla, the Ozman Klath and beautiful Tombs and cemetery of mazari Sardar's. Rojhan Mazari is situated in District Rajanpur of Punjab near the inter-provincial borders of Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab. This city is the Capital Seat of the Mazari Baloch tribe who have held this territory since 1632 A.D. Prior to this the Mazari Tribe were settled in the Bambhore Hills of present day Kahan in Balochistan. The City of Rojhan Mazari is spread over an area of four square kilometers and is connected by road and railway to Kashmore in the South West and Rajanpur in the North West. The original city of Rojhan, situated a few kilometers from the present city, was burnt by the Sikh invaders under the command of Raja Kharak Singh in retaliation of a predatory plundering raid by Mazari chief Behram Khanin 1836 on Mithankot ruled by Sikhs at the time. The present City was constructed during the reign of the famous Mazari Chief, Nawab Sir Imam Buksh Khan Mazari,K.B.E, K.C.I.E. during the early and middle part of the 1800s. The word 'Rojhan' traces its roots back to the ancient Babalonyian and Caspatic languages of the Indo-European language family, meaning the 'City of Tents'. The City is a site to many ancient yet beautiful tombs of the Mazari Nawabs and Sardars dating as back as the 17th Century. Some about Rojhan Mazari It is situated near indus river and borderd with Dera Bugti(Balochistan) and Kashmore(Sindh).It is the Homeland of Mazari Family.It is Tehsil of District Rajan Pur(Punjab).It has a very fertile area.Ozman is the Tribal area of Rojhan Mazari.It has thousand acres of land baren due to not availibilty of canal.It is a very peacefull place.Mostly people keen of hunting and fishing.The cattles of Rojhan are also famous in the country.The most common crops of Rojhan are wheat,cotton and onion.

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  • Khwaja Ghulam Farid
    Khwaja Ghulam Farid is considered one of the greatest Saraiki poets, Chishti-Nizami mystic and Sajjada Nashin (Patron saint) of the Punjab region of the South Asia. Khwaja Ghulam Farid also wrote some poems in Sindhi, Persian, and Braj Bhasha. He was an imperialist poet. He opposed British rule in Bahawalpur. He said to ruler of Bahawalpur in his poem, "You rule yourself on your state and finish police station of British from your state."

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Rajanpur district is famous for cotton and sugarcane crop, although they are cultivating wheat and rice as well. The current flood badly affected the about-to-ripe cotton crop. The cotton picking season starts in the middle of September. Last year flood also affected their crops and this time they took seeds, fertilizers and sprays on loan from the market. In the market, one bag of DP fertilizer is available at the rate of Rs 3,000 but the price reaches to Rs 5,000, if taken on credit. Majority of the agriculturists saved seeds from the previous crop and the same was done by the affected community. They saved wheat seed from the last crop but current flood destroyed all the seeds. The market prize of the wheat seed is 800 to 1000 per 100 gram (per mun) after the flood. On loan they have to pay 75% more than the market prize, an average 2 and half to three mun wheat seed has been used in one acre of the land.Aamir yasin

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Irrigation System

  • Canal Irrigation

    The agriculture of Rajanpur depend upon canal irrigation in some areas of Rajanpur peoples drinking canal water in these areas Pachad include

  • Rod Kohi

    Major Rod Kohi areas traversed by hill torrents constitute nearly 65 percent of the total area of Pakistan and encompass entire Balochistan i.e. (Makran coastal Basin and Kharan closed Desert Basin). The other major hill torrent areas include D.G.Khan and D.I.Khan, FATA and AJK. In Sindh province, the systems are spread in Dadu district (Kirthar range). There are around 17.13 million acres as the potential area under hill torrent / Rod-Kohi / Sailaba fanning excluding riverine areas. Indigenous Spate Irrigation/ hill torrent-irrigation systems traditionally called Rod-Kohi. Rod means water channel and Kohi pertains to mountains. In these areas major constraint is the use of flood flow which is highly variable in quantity and distribution, both in time and space. Annual rainfall is low, uncertain and patchy. Flow is laden with high silt in each flood. It is unfortunate that in spite of scarcity of water, major part of flood flows is lost due to mismanagement. Spate irrigation often takes place in environments that are arid and remote. Poverty in these areas is a major issue. There are very few options for generating income and improvement of livelihood. Abject poverty in the areas affected by the Rod-Kohi water calls for a rational and scientific management of flood flows.

    Rod-Kohi or hill torrent cultivation is a unique system of agriculture being practiced in all the four provinces. In NWFP, D.I.Khan tract represents the major part of the system fed by five large tributaries locally named as "Zams". In the Punjab, major part of the system falls in the districts of D.G.Khan, Rajanpur and Jampur. In Balochistan, this system falls in the districts of Barkhan, Musakhail, Loralai, Zhob, Bolan and Lasbella. In Sindh province; the system is spread in Dadu & Larkana district (Kirthar range). The largest area under the system of agriculture lies in Balochistan.

    Spate Irrigation is traditionally used system for diverting hill torrents into cultivable command areas for growing seasonal crops. The farming system is characterized by extreme events of floods and droughts. It usually entails the construction of an earthen diversion weir across the torrent with large channel on one or both sides of the river to convey flood water across large distances. These earthen diversion structures and water conveyance system has traditionally been constructed by the beneficiaries / communities themselves, making use of traditional technology. Farmers construct field by making embankments from 3 to 6 feet high to store the water depending upon the soil type, share in water and various other factors. Upon drying crops are sown which thrive on the moisture stored in the soil. There is no further irrigation except rains, if any occurs. The economic significance of Rod-Kohi Irrigation agriculture is centered around subsistence agriculture and live-stock raising which are the main sources of income. Another aspect of the Spate Irrigation System of Rod-Kohi areas is the occurrence of the perennial water (known as Kalapani), which is available throughout the year in the upper reaches. It contributes significantly to sustainable farming in the area and used for high value crops like fodder, fruits and vegetables

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Rajan Pur is a District of Punjab. It is located in southern Punjab. The total population of this district is 1522511. As a city, Rajan Pur is a clean with wide Streets & good sanitation system. It consists of three tehsils namely Rohjan Mazari, Jam pur, Fazil Pur. In August due to the heavy rains flash floods started. Peshawar and Rajan Pur districts were badly affected by these flash floods. In Rajan Pur flood water came from Kah Sultan and Shacher torrent (rivulet). This flood water hit the different union councils of Rajan Pur. Hundreds of houses damaged fully and partially and inhabitants sitting under open sky. The displaced people have sought shelter in streets and other public buildings in and around their chaks (villages). List of Affected UCs:Table of affected union councils with Current population No District Tahsel U/C Population Damaged H.H 1 Rajan Pur Rajan Pur Jahan Pur 34886 Fully damaged 2 Rajan Pur Rajan Pur Fatih Pur 25867 Partially damaged 3 Rajan Pur Jam Pur Hajji Pur 22745 Partially damaged 4 Rajan Pur Rojahan Umer Kot 30978 Fully damaged 5 Rajan Pur Daajil Tal Shuamili 20478 Partially damaged 6 Rajan Pur Daajil Buriri wala 19456 Partially damaged 7 Rajan Pur Daajil Noshira Gherbi 21568 Partially damaged 8 Rajan Pur Daajil Noor Pur 23789 Partially damaged Analysis:In assessment and initial findings from the flood-affected district Rajan Pur show that, 04 union councils are completely damaged U/C Jahan Pur, U/C Fatih Pur, U/C Hajji Pur, and Umer Kot U/C. Thus, there is an urgent need for non food items (NFIs) including mattresses, mosquito nets, Kitchen utensils, fuel for daily cooking and hygiene kits. Yearly food stock is almost completely washed away, while livestock has sufferedconsiderable loss. Thus affected people facing critical condition and will suffer economically for at least one whole year as their current crop is damaged at large scale. According to affectess this flood is larger than the one, some 40 years ago

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