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Explore Pakistan | Cities | Sargodha سرگودھا
 

History | Demography | Towns and Villages | Government | Economy | Education | Media | Languages

Sargodha District  is a district of Punjab province, Pakistan, the capital of the district is Sargodha. It is an agricultural district, wheat, rice, and sugarcane being its main crops. The Sargodha district and region are also famous for citrus fruit; kino is a newly developed variety. The district has an area of 5,864 km2

 

 
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History

Sargodha was a small town at the beginning of the British Empire but, due to its geographical location, the British Royal Air Force built an airport there. It took on greater importance after the Independence of Pakistan for the Pakistan Air Force. Shahpur, which is now a tehsil of Sargodha District, was the district at that time. Most parts of the tehsil Sillanwali and Kirana Hills region were part of Jhang district and were included later during the British Raj in the Sargodha district.

The 1965 war with India on September 6, 1965 meant the city was a prime target for India, due to the city close proximity with the neighbouring rival. The citizens of Sargodha supported the Pakistan Army against the advancing of the Indian Army into Pakistan. In 1966, recognising this bravery, the Government of Pakistan awarded the city of Sargodha as well as Sialkot and Lahore with the award of Hilal-E-Istaqlal.

The city also has a Pakistan Air Force base within its city. The PAF Base Sargodha now known as PAF Base Mushaf, named after the late Air Chief Marshal Mushaf Ali Mir, a former Chief of Air Staff of the Pakistan Air Force. The strategic location of the base has allowed the Air Force to carry out experimental work within the city.

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Demography

The population of Sarghoda grew rapidly after many Muslim refugees from northern India who escaped from the pograms and genocide in India settled in Sarghoda after the independence of Pakistan in 1947. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district had a population of 2,665,979 of which 27.96% lived in urban settlements.[5] The predominant ethnic population in the Sargodha District is Punjabi with small communities of Muhajirs and Pashtuns. The main languages are Punjabi and Urdu. The people of Sarghoda district are Muslims.

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Towns and Villages in Sarghoda Distrct

Sargodha | Shahpur | Bhalwal | Phularwan | Bhera | Sillanwali | Lakhiwal Sharif | Haveli Majoka | Faruka | Jhawarian | Kalra | Shah Nikdar | Sahiwal | Nihang | Middh Ranjha | Mitha Tiwana | Mitha Lak | Lak More | Kot Momin | Lilyani | Shaheenabad | Jahanian Shah | Chauki Bhagatt | Talbey Wala Pattan | Chak 104 NB | Chungi No 12 | Chak 71 NB | 46 Adda | Pul 11 | Batree Shahabdin Di | Nurpur Noon | Mangowal West | Chak 8ML | Thatti Noor dee | Chawa | Ali Pur Noon | Sardar Pur Noon | Sultan Pur Noon| Fateh Pur Noon Share Muhammad Wala Noon | Kikrawn Wala Noon | Zaffer Abad Noon | Khair Pur Noon | Aamin Abad Noon | Kot Hakim Khan Noon | Chak 8 Ghorh Pur Noon | Atta Abad Noon| Chack No 114 N.B | Chack No 113 N.B | Chak No 88 N.B

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Government

Until divisions were abolished in the year 2000, Sargodha was also divisional headquarters of Sargodha Division. Sargodha is the district and tehsil capital - the city of Sargodha is administratively subdivided into 22 Union councils. In October 2008, the division system in Punjab Province has been restored which meant Sargodha became the divsional headquarters of Sargodha District, Khushab District, Mianwali District and Bhakkar District.

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Economy

Sargodha is largey an agricultural and industrial city. The vast fields on the city have allowed the farmers to develop a range of crops and animal breeding programs. Some of the main crops include citrus, wheat, rice, and sugar cane which are exported to the other cities as well as internationally. Citrus fruits such as oranges (locally known as kinnows), Guavas and Mangoes are main fruits grown in the district. As well as Jaman, Pears, Dates, Pomegranate, Phalsa and Almond are also grown in minor quantities. Turnip, Onion, Cauliflower, Potatoes and Tomatoes are main vegetables grown in the district. The main livestock for the city include goats, sheep, buffaloes and cattle.

Even with agricultural goods being the major income generator for the city as well as the district, the economy and industry has been diversifying itself to generate more demand for other goods which can be manufactured and produced in the city. Other industrial markets include: Beverage, manufacture of diesel engines, foundry products, glass products, leather footwear, oil mills, pesticides, insecticides, poultry feed, plastics, readymade garments, tannery as well as textiles.

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Education

Sargodha has several institutions of higher education and several research centres and Local Sargodha University:

  • Punjab College Sargodha

  • Fazaia Model Inter College, PAF Base Mushaf

  • University of Sargodha

  • Sargodha Medical College, Sargodha

  • Connoisseur Grammar School

  • PAF Public School Sargodha

  • Fazaia Inter College

  • Army Public School and College Sargodha Cantt.

  • Allama Iqbal Open University

  • Al Suffah Girls College

  • Northwestern Theological Seminary

  • Progressive Public School & College

  • Superior College Sargodha

  • ITM College Of Commerce Sargodha

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Media

Radio Pakistan Sargodha (FM Band),Club Road Sargodha.
FM Sunrise (96 MHz) Most popular, also plays Indian and western music, Aziz Bhatti Town Sargodha
Pakistan Television Islamabad centre terrestrial transmissions at VHF and UHF band routed from Sakesar rebroadcast centre.

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Languages

Punjabi is the main language of the people. Urdu is also spoken.

 

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