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Explore Pakistan | Cities | Umerkot عمرکوٹ
 

History | Folklore | Zamindars of Umerkot

Umarkot or Umer Kot, also known as Omarkot, (Urdu:
عمرکوٹ ) is town in the Umerkot District in Sindh, Pakistan. The city is well connected with the other large cities like Karachi, the provincial capital and Hyderabad


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History

After the 1843 invasion by Charles Napier, Sindh was divided into provinces and was assigned a Zamindars, also known as Wadaras, to collect taxes for the British.

Formerly known as Amarkot, it was the capital of Greater Sindh Province, including some parts of present Rajasthan state of India. It also became prominent during the time of the Mughals and during the British Raj. The great Mughal king Akbar was born in Umerkot when his father Humayun fled from military defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri. Amir Hussein of Umarkot who had risen to power with the help of the Mirza clan had given refuge to Mughal Emperor Humayun and it was there Hamida Bano Begum gave birth to young Akbar. Later the Mughal Emperor Akbar became the Shahenshah of Hind and was a popular figure with both Hindus and Muslims. Umerkot has many sites of historical significance such as Mughal emperor Akbar's birthplace at Umarkot Fort on 15 October 1542. Rana Chandra Singh (1931-2009) was the Rana of the former Amarkot jagir after 1947, and remained a member of National assembly many times and also a federal minister.

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Folklore

Another significant story relating to Umarkot is that of Umar Marvi. Marvi was a young Thari girl abducted by Umar, then-ruler, who wanted to marry because of her beauty. Upon her refusal she was being imprisoned in the historic Umerkot Fort for many years until her ultimate release. Because of her courage, Marvi is an ideal for the local people.

Great city has a very beautiful fort, nice shopping streets, more than 20 schools, 5 colleges and one mono technical college.

People of Umerkot are very gentle and progressive. Most spoken language is Dhatki which is actually mixture of several local languages.However,Urdu is also understood and the local people welcome the guestes.

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Zamindars of Umerkot

In Umerkot, there are only two Waderas of genuine authority, due the lesser density of the population. Syed Rashid Shah, who has more popularity as compared to his Pir Makhdoom Hamid Ali, left the political scene after the demise of former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, and was a major critic of military ruler General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. His son Syed Haroon Shah takes care of the vast amount of land. Conversely Makhdoom Hamid Ali is still affiliated with the Pakistan Peoples Party

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