DISCOVER
Are we alone in the Universe?
Author: Zahid Ikram
This is one of humanity’s most fundamental and persistent questions. The answer has always seemed, until recently, elusive and out of reach. But this is beginning to change.

The multiverse (or meta-universe) is a hypothetical set of various possible universes including the universe which we live in. Together, these universes comprise everything that exists: the entirety of space, time, matter, energy and the physical laws and constants that describe them.

The miscellaneous distinct universes within the multiverse are called the "parallel universes", "other universes" or "alternative universes"

Please note at the time of revealing Quran there were no concepts of Multiverse or Parallel Universe.

Quran mentions about Multiverse/ Parallel Universes in the following Verses…

سُوۡرَةُ الفَاتِحَة
ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ (١)

سب طرح کی تعریف خدا ہی کو (سزاوار) ہے جو تمام جہانوں کا پروردگار ہے (۱)

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Universes (1)

 

سُوۡرَةُ الاٴنبیَاء

وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَـٰكَ إِلَّا رَحۡمَةً۬ لِّلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ (١٠٧)

اور (اے محمدsalla) ہم نے تم کو تمام جہانوں کے لئے رحمت (بنا کر) بھیجا ہے (۱۰۷)

 

سُوۡرَةُ الذّاریَات

وَمِن ڪُلِّ شَىۡءٍ خَلَقۡنَا زَوۡجَيۡنِ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَذَكَّرُونَ (٤٩)

اور ہر چیز کی ہم نے دو قسمیں بنائیں تاکہ تم نصیحت پکڑو (۴۹)

And all things We have created by pairs, that haply ye may reflect. (51:49)

سُوۡرَةُ یسٓ

سُبۡحَـٰنَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلۡأَزۡوَٲجَ ڪُلَّهَا مِمَّا تُنۢبِتُ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ وَمِنۡ أَنفُسِهِمۡ وَمِمَّا لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ (٣٦)

وہ خدا پاک ہے جس نے زمین کی نباتات کے اور خود ان کے اور جن چیزوں کی ان کو خبر نہیں سب کے جوڑے بنائے (۳۶)

Glory be to Him Who created all the pairs, of that which the earth groweth, and of themselves, and of that which they know not! (36)

The Creator also warn us in Quran

سُوۡرَةُ فَاطِر
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

إِن يَشَأۡ يُذۡهِبۡڪُمۡ وَيَأۡتِ بِخَلۡقٍ۬ جَدِيدٍ۬ (١٦) وَمَا ذَٲلِكَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ بِعَزِيزٍ۬ (١٧)

Fatir 35:16-17
If He will, He can be rid of you and bring (instead of you) some new creation. (16) That is not a hard thing for Allah. (17)

اگر چاہے تو تم کو نابود کردے اور نئی مخلوقات لا آباد کرے (۱۶) اور یہ خدا کو کچھ مشکل نہیں (۱۷)

Let’s ponder on Allah’s some known creations, indeed HE is the versatile Creator,
HE has crested Life in The Sea which breath in Water, on The Land, Earth Worms and as well Flying creatures just on this Planet Earth, Our observation shows us that The Creator knows to Create Every Sort of Life, about which even we cannot think of.

In astronomy and astrobiology, the circumstellarhabitable zone (CHZ), or simply the habitable zone, is the range of orbits around a star within which a planetary surface can support liquid water given sufficient atmospheric pressure.

In November 2013, astronomers reported, based on Kepler space mission data, that there could be as many as 40 billion Earth-sized planets orbiting in the habitable zones of Sun-like stars and red dwarfs in the Milky Way, 11 billion of which may be orbiting Sun-like stars.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_potentially_habitable_exoplanets

We are yet to find such potentially habitable exoplanets that have living creatures or Life on them. Remember the Creator may start a life even on an un habitable exoplanets. He may create a Creature that does not even breath, does not have a Physical Body, may live in Extreme cold or Extreme Hot Environment, even without gravity or sunlight and does not apply Physical rules on it as on life on Earth. We have to change our life search criteria of habitable exoplanets; this is how we may find Life in other Parts of our Universe.

 

سُوۡرَةُ الطّلاَق
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ سَبۡعَ سَمَـٰوَٲتٍ۬ وَمِنَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ مِثۡلَهُنَّ يَتَنَزَّلُ ٱلۡأَمۡرُ بَيۡنَہُنَّ لِتَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدِيرٌ۬ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ قَدۡ أَحَاطَ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عِلۡمَۢا (١٢)

[065:012] God is He Who created seven Firmaments and of the earth a similar number. Through the midst of them (all) descends His Command: that ye may know that God has power over all things, and that God comprehends, all things in (His) Knowledge.

خدا ہی تو ہے جس نے سات آسمان پیدا کئے اور ایسی ہی زمینیں۔ ان میں (خدا کے) حکم اُترتے رہتے ہیں تاکہ تم لوگ جان لو کہ خدا چیز پر قادر ہے۔ اور یہ کہ خدا اپنے علم سے ہر چیز پر احاطہ کئے ہوئے ہے (۱۲)

 

Since long Astronomers have been looking more into deep space, and with better instruments, into the universe around us, and have discovered that planets appear to be quite common in the cosmos, as are the chemical ingredients we know that life seems to require here on Earth.

As we look at planetary and other bodies and ask ourselves whether life might be possible on them, we must be mindful of the variety and adaptability of the life we have found here on Earth. In the case of Mars, we see a planet that shows signs of volcanism, has a dynamic atmosphere and has a history that includes periods during which liquid water has been present on the surface.

Data collected by orbiting spacecraft, landers and rovers have given us conclusive evidence that in the distant past, perhaps billions of years ago, Mars was wetter, warmer and had a thicker atmosphere than it has today. While this tends to suggest that Mars might have been capable of supporting life, it does not tell us that it ever actually did. We do not thoroughly understand how life’s earliest and simplest processes develop, nor do we know how often life develops given the right environmental conditions. Current research aims to give us a better understanding of whether Mars might have had oceans or seas, and if so, how long they existed before the planet became as cold and dry as it is today.

Has there been life on Mars in the past? If so, does it exist there still today? These questions remain open and of keen interest to the astrobiologist. Conditions on the surface of Mars were once much more conducive to the survival of life as we know it

The average temperature was higher, the atmospheric pressure was greater, and there was plenty of surface water – though exactly how much and how long it remained are important unresolved issues.

 

Given the ability of hardy microorganisms known as extremophiles to thrive in what appear to us to be very harsh conditions on Earth, the possibility of present-day martian microbes certainly can't be ruled out. Such creatures would most likely have evolved several billion years ago, when Mars was more similar in its climate to Earth, and then perhaps gradually adapted as the environment turned less friendly. In particular, microbial survivors on the Red Planet may have retreated underground where it is warmer, probably wetter, and better shielded from the Sun's harsh ultraviolet rays. The prospects for residual life on Mars appear to have been raised by the announcement, in 2004, of the discovery by the Mars Express orbiter of trace amounts of methane and ammonia in the martian atmosphere.

 

سُوۡرَةُ الواقِعَة
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

نَحۡنُ قَدَّرۡنَا بَيۡنَكُمُ ٱلۡمَوۡتَ وَمَا نَحۡنُ بِمَسۡبُوقِينَ (٦٠) عَلَىٰٓ أَن نُّبَدِّلَ أَمۡثَـٰلَكُمۡ وَنُنشِئَكُمۡ فِى مَا لَا تَعۡلَمُونَ (٦١)

[54:60-61] We mete out death among you, and We are not to be outrun, (60) That We may transfigure you and make you what ye know not (61)

ہم نے تم میں مرنا ٹھہرا دیا ہے اور ہم اس (بات) سے عاجز نہیں (۶۰) کہ تمہاری طرح کے اور لوگ تمہاری جگہ لے آئیں اور تم کو ایسے جہان میں جس کو تم نہیں جانتے پیدا کر دیں (۶۱)

 

Long ago, it is certain that Mars had liquid water, lots of it, even small oceans and lakes.  There is extensive evidence for water on Mars.  There are old river valleys and channels and old lake and sea basins.  In early 2005, two rover spacecraft on Mars found sedimentary rock that can only be deposited by water.  Another spacecraft even photographed a frozen lake of water ice inside a crater on Mars.   

However, there is no liquid water now on the surface of Mars.  It is all gone,

(1) sunken into the soil,

(2) frozen into its polar icecaps or craters, and

(3) evaporated into space. 

mars iceTwo American robot space probes (Spirit and Opportunity) landed on Mars in January 2004 in part to search for water.  Both are still operating, still conducting the search.  Both have found evidence of past water on Mars.

سُوۡرَةُ الاٴنبیَاء
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

 

أَوَلَمۡ يَرَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ ڪَانَتَا رَتۡقً۬ا فَفَتَقۡنَـٰهُمَاۖ وَجَعَلۡنَا مِنَ ٱلۡمَآءِ كُلَّ شَىۡءٍ حَىٍّۖ أَفَلَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ (٣٠)

 

Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were of one piece, then We parted them, and we made every living thing of water? Will they not then believe? (30)

 

کیا کافروں نے نہیں دیکھا کہ آسمان اور زمین دونوں ملے ہوئے تھے تو ہم نے جدا جدا کردیا۔ اور تمام جاندار چیزیں ہم نے پانی سے بنائیں۔ پھر یہ لوگ ایمان کیوں نہیں لاتے؟ (۳۰)

 

Our Solar System is located in one spiral arm of a giant pinwheel of almost 500 billion individual stars we call the Milky Way Galaxy.  The Milky Way is in turn, only one of 500 billion or more estimated galaxies in our universe. 

 

 

There are many hints in Quran about the existence of Life other than earth.

 

Quran: 38: 66

سُوۡرَةُ صٓ
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

 رَبُّ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَا بَيۡنَہُمَا ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡغَفَّـٰرُ (٦٦)

 Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, the Mighty, the Pardoning. (66

 جو آسمانوں اور زمین اور جو مخلوق ان میں ہے سب کا مالک ہے غالب (اور) بخشنے والا

 Quran: 57: 1-3

سُوۡرَةُ الحَدید
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

سَبَّحَ لِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۖ وَهُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ (١) لَهُ ۥ مُلۡكُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۖ يُحۡىِۦ وَيُمِيتُۖ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدِيرٌ (٢) هُوَ ٱلۡأَوَّلُ وَٱلۡأَخِرُ وَٱلظَّـٰهِرُ وَٱلۡبَاطِنُۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمٌ (٣)

 

All that is in the heavens and the earth glorifieth Allah; and He is the Mighty, the Wise. (1) His is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth; He quickeneth and He giveth death; and He is Able to do all things. (2) He is the First and the Last, and the Outward and the Inward; and He is Knower of all things. (3)

 

جو مخلوق آسمانوں اور زمین میں ہے خدا کی تسبیح کرتی ہے۔ اور وہ غالب (اور) حکمت والا ہے (۱) آسمانوں اور زمین کی بادشاہی اسی کی ہے۔ زندہ کرتا اور مارتا ہے۔ اور وہ ہر چیز پر قادر ہے (۲) وہ (سب سے) پہلا اور (سب سے) پچھلا اور (اپنی قدرتوں سے سب پر) ظاہر اور (اپنی ذات سے) پوشیدہ ہے اور وہ تمام چیزوں کو جانتا ہے (۳)

 Quran: 22: 18

 سُوۡرَةُ الحَجّ
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيم

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَسۡجُدُ لَهُ ۥ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَن فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱلشَّمۡسُ وَٱلۡقَمَرُ وَٱلنُّجُومُ وَٱلۡجِبَالُ وَٱلشَّجَرُ وَٱلدَّوَآبُّ وَڪَثِيرٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱلنَّاسِۖ وَكَثِيرٌ حَقَّ عَلَيۡهِ ٱلۡعَذَابُۗ وَمَن يُہِنِ ٱللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ ۥ مِن مُّكۡرِمٍۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَفۡعَلُ مَا يَشَآءُ  (١٨)

 

Hast thou not seen that unto Allah payeth adoration whosoever is in the heavens and whosoever is in the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the hills, and the trees, and the beasts, and many of mankind, while there are many unto whom the doom is justly due. He whom Allah scorneth, there is none to give him honour. Lo! Allah doeth what He will. (18)

 ِ

کیا تم نے نہیں دیکھا کہ جو (مخلوق) آسمانوں میں ہے اور جو زمین میں ہے اور سورج اور چاند ستارے اور پہاڑ اور درخت اور چار پائے اور بہت سے انسان خدا کو سجدہ کرتے ہیں۔ اور بہت سے ایسے ہیں جن پر عذاب ثابت ہوچکا ہے۔ اور جس شخص کو خدا ذلیل کرے اس کو عزت دینے والا نہیں۔ بےشک خدا جو چاہتا ہے کرتا ہے (۱۸)

 Quran: 62:1

سُوۡرَةُ الجُمُعَة
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

 

يُسَبِّحُ لِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ ٱلۡمَلِكِ ٱلۡقُدُّوسِ ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلۡحَكِيمِ (١)

 

All that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth glorifieth Allah, the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, the Mighty, the Wise. (1)


جو چیز آسمانوں میں ہے اور جو چیز زمین میں ہے سب خدا کی تسبیح کرتی ہے جو بادشاہ حقیقی پاک ذات زبردست حکمت والا ہے (۱)

 

Milky Way Galaxy our solar system is in the red mark

 

To examine the entire Milky Way and our place in it.  Do you see where we are?  The Milky Way is a “spiral” galaxy and we are in one of its spiral arms. Look at red mark for our solar system.

A galaxy is a giant rotating clump of stars, gas and space dust in space.  When we say, “giant”, we mean Colossal!  The Milky Way is the name of the galaxy containing our Solar System.  That haze in front of you is stars … billions of individual stars and gas and dust and space rocks.  Their mutual gravitational attraction is pulling them (and us) together. 

The Milky Way galaxy in fact, is estimated to have about 500 billion (500,000,000,000) stars in it.

Remember that each star is a very long way from every other one, so putting 500 billion stars together in a galaxy takes a LOT of room. 

The Milky Way, for example, is at least 100,000 light years in diameter
(that’s 950,000,000,000,000,000,000 km)

 

 

We are about 2/3rds out from the center of the Milky Way in one of the spiral arms.  Our entire Solar System is flying through space, orbiting the center of the galaxy at the incredible speed of over 900,000 km/hr (560,000 miles/hr).  So, even while you think you are standing still on Earth, you are moving at very high speeds.  It’s a good thing we have Earth’s gravity holding onto us.  In fact, all the stars you see in the sky are orbiting the Milky Way at similar speeds, like a high-speed merry-go-round in space.

 

 

سُوۡرَةُ الرَّحمٰن
(٣٢) يَـٰمَعۡشَرَ ٱلۡجِنِّ وَٱلۡإِنسِ إِنِ ٱسۡتَطَعۡتُمۡ أَن تَنفُذُواْ مِنۡ أَقۡطَارِ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَٱنفُذُواْۚ لَا تَنفُذُونَ إِلَّا بِسُلۡطَـٰنٍ۬ (٣٣)

Ar-Rahman
O company of jinn and men, if ye have power to penetrate (all) regions of the heavens and the earth, then penetrate (them)! Ye will never penetrate them save with (Our) sanction. (33)

سورة الرَّحمٰن
اے گروہِ جن وانس اگر تمہیں قدرت ہو کہ آسمان اور زمین کے کناروں سے نکل جاؤ تو نکل جاؤ۔ اور زور کے سوا تم نکل سکنے ہی کے نہیں (۳۳)

 

Our entire Solar System is flying through space, orbiting the center of the galaxy at the incredible speed of over 900,000 km/hr (560,000 miles/hr).  So, even while you think you are standing still on Earth, you are moving at very high speeds.  It’s a good thing we have Earth’s gravity holding onto us.  In fact, all the stars you see in the sky are orbiting the Milky Way at similar speeds, like a high-speed merry-go-round in space.

Can we fly out of our galaxy and beat the speed of 900,000 km/hr 250 km/Sec?

Please remember from the prior journey in past that the fastest speed ever achieved by human beings was 11 km/sec, the speed attained by the Apollo spacecraft.


Well, how many days, weeks, months or years would it take Apollo (or you) to reach the nearest star to Earth (aside from our own sun)

You should have discovered that to reach the nearest star to us at the fastest speed ever achieved by people, would take you … over 115,000 years!  That is almost 6,000 generations … of your children, and grandchildren, and great grandchildren, and their children’s children’s children’s children … watching out your ship’s front window … living and dying … century after century, millennia after millennia.  115,000 years … just to reach the closest star to us.  That is 20 times longer than all of human recorded history, back to the days of our most ancient civilizations … 20 times longer!  If you left Earth at the time of the ancient Greeks 4,000 years ago, you would only be less than 4% of the way to the star by now.

Now can you think to fly out of our Milky Way Galaxy?

If traveling at the fastest speed ever reached by humans, it would take you over 2.7 BILLION YEARS to cross our galaxy from one side to another.  By car, it would take you … 1,100 TRILLION years! 
God Almighty is great.

Now we have to work out how we may travel such a long distance without having achieved near the speed of light. Quran guide us for the solution.

سُوۡرَةُ الکهف

فَضَرَبۡنَا عَلَىٰٓ ءَاذَانِهِمۡ فِى ٱلۡكَهۡفِ سِنِينَ عَدَدً۬ا (١١)

تو ہم نے غار میں کئی سال تک ان کے کانوں پر (نیند کا) پردہ ڈالے (یعنی ان کو سلائے) رکھا (۱۱)

Then We sealed up their hearing in the Cave for a number of years. (11)

وَلَبِثُواْ فِى كَهۡفِهِمۡ ثَلَـٰثَ مِاْئَةٍ۬ سِنِينَ وَٱزۡدَادُواْ تِسۡعً۬ا (٢٥)

اور اصحاب کہف اپنے غار میں نو اوپر تین سو سال رہے (۲۵)


 

And (it is said) they tarried in their Cave three hundred years and add nine. (25)

The above verses show us a way the possibility of Hibernate Human beings for a long period of time while traveling to long distances in space. And Quean also mentions us about tele portal technology for time Traveling which is yet to achieve by mankind.
سُوۡرَةُ النَّمل
قَالَ ٱلَّذِى عِندَهُ ۥ عِلۡمٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ أَنَا۟ ءَاتِيكَ بِهِۦ قَبۡلَ أَن يَرۡتَدَّ إِلَيۡكَ طَرۡفُكَ‌ۚ فَلَمَّا رَءَاهُ مُسۡتَقِرًّا عِندَهُ ۥ قَالَ هَـٰذَا مِن فَضۡلِ رَبِّى لِيَبۡلُوَنِىٓ ءَأَشۡكُرُ أَمۡ أَكۡفُرُ‌ۖ وَمَن شَكَرَ فَإِنَّمَا يَشۡكُرُ لِنَفۡسِهِۦ‌ۖ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ رَبِّى غَنِىٌّ۬ كَرِيمٌ۬ (٤٠)
ایک شخص جس کو کتاب الہیٰ کا علم تھا کہنے لگا کہ میں آپ کی آنکھ کے جھپکنے سے پہلے پہلے اسے آپ کے پاس حاضر کئے دیتا ہوں۔ جب سلیمان نے تخت کو اپنے پاس رکھا ہوا دیکھا تو کہا کہ یہ میرے پروردگار کا فضل ہے تاکہ مجھے آزمائے کہ میں شکر کرتا ہوں یا کفران نعمت کرتا ہوں اور جو شکر کرتا ہے تو اپنے ہی فائدے کے لئے شکر کرتا ہے اور جو ناشکری کرتا ہے تو میرا پروردگار بےپروا (اور) کرم کرنے والا ہے (۴۰)

One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: I will bring it thee before thy gaze returneth unto thee. And when he saw it set in his presence, (Solomon) said: This is of the bounty of my Lord, that He may try me whether I give thanks or am ungrateful. Whosoever giveth thanks he only giveth thanks for (the good of) his own soul; and whosoever is ungrateful (is ungrateful only to his own soul's hurt). For lo! my Lord is Absolute in independence, Bountiful. (40)

The Quran also tells us about communication in-between Other Species of Life. We are yet to learn how to communicate with other Species of Life.

سُوۡرَةُ النَّمل
حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَتَوۡاْ عَلَىٰ وَادِ ٱلنَّمۡلِ قَالَتۡ نَمۡلَةٌ۬ يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّمۡلُ ٱدۡخُلُواْ مَسَـٰكِنَڪُمۡ لَا يَحۡطِمَنَّكُمۡ سُلَيۡمَـٰنُ وَجُنُودُهُ ۥ وَهُمۡ لَا يَشۡعُرُونَ (١٨)

Then, when they reached the Valley of the Ants, an ant said: "Ants! Enter your dwellings, so that Sulayman and his troops do not crush you unwittingly." (Quran, 27: 18)

یہاں تک کہ جب چیونٹیوں کے میدان میں پہنچے تو ایک چیونٹی نے کہا کہ چیونٹیوں اپنے اپنے بلوں میں داخل ہو جاؤ ایسا نہ ہو کہ سلیمان اور اس کے لشکر تم کو کچل ڈالیں اور ان کو خبر بھی نہ ہو (۱۸)

فَمَكَثَ غَيۡرَ بَعِيدٍ۬ فَقَالَ أَحَطتُ بِمَا لَمۡ تُحِطۡ بِهِۦ وَجِئۡتُكَ مِن سَبَإِۭ بِنَبَإٍ۬ يَقِينٍ (٢٢)

But he (the hoopoe) was not long in coming, and he (the hoopoe) said: I have found out (a thing) that thou apprehends not, and I come unto thee from Shebawith sure tidings. (22

ابھی تھوڑی ہی دیر ہوئی تھی کہ ہُدہُد آ موجود ہوا اور کہنے لگا کہ مجھے ایک ایسی چیز معلوم ہوئی ہے جس کی آپ کو خبر نہیں اور میں آپ کے پاس (شہر) سبا سے ایک سچی خبر لے کر آیا ہوں (۲۲

 

Please consider what this really means.

Virgo Cluster

Above and behind the Milky Way Off in the far distance, virtually invisible in the darkness, is a large collection of galaxies in our local area of space.  It is called the Virgo Cluster, and contains over 1,200 galaxies.  It is 50 MILLION light years from the Milky Way.

 

 

سُوۡرَةُ الرَّحمٰن
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

 يَسۡـَٔلُهُ ۥ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۚ كُلَّ يَوۡمٍ هُوَ فِى شَأۡنٍ۬ (٢٩)

[055:029] Of Him seeks (its need) every creature in the heavens and on earth: every day in (new) Splendour doth He (shine)!

 آسمان اور زمین میں جتنے لوگ ہیں سب اسی سے مانگتے ہیں۔ وہ ہر روز کام میں مصروف رہتا ہے (۲۹)

 

Beyond the Milky Way

looking out into the vastness of space.  All the colored dots are other galaxies.  The scene you just saw, containing 10,000 more galaxies, fits within the tiny red square.  We’re not kidding!  ALL of those galaxies in that photo fit inside that little red box.  That is what a 10 day exposure with a telescopic camera focused on the darkness inside that box can reveal.

How big is the universe?  Now you are beginning to understand! 

 

http://www.findpk.com/zahid/How%20big%20is%20the%20universe_files/image001.jpg

WOW!  THIS is what is really lurking in the darkness in the night sky.  Each object you see in this space is not a star.  It is a galaxy of billions of stars … over 10,000 galaxies, all squeezed into this small telescopic snapshot.  To your tiny eyes, this same scene would be simply dark empty space. 

Red Marked area of Sky was photographed by the HST to snap above picture,

http://www.findpk.com/zahid/How%20big%20is%20the%20universe_files/image035.jpg

 

Look Picture Album: The Universe  http://hubblesite.org/gallery/album/the_universe

Look deep into the scene.  In the far distance, you can see more galaxies and more … and more … They seem to go on forever, in all different colors, to the limits of visibility.

Now, imagine the distance between two galaxies The incredible distances between stars are NOTHING … NOTHINGcompared to the distances between the galaxies. 

Well, there seem to be a ton of galaxies in the image, but the sky is a big place.  What percentage of the sky does this photo represent?

 

What we are about to show you is perhaps … the most amazing fact presented to you throughout this entire journey

Are you ready?  Contained in that space resides an estimated 2.5 x 1023 possible stars.

Realize that the distance between them represents millions of trillions of miles/km of empty space.

 

Scientists have even assigned the size of the visible universe a numerical distance.  Based on careful and repeated measurements of the night sky by thousands of Astronomers around the world, including the amazing image of galaxies you saw earlier, latest estimates place the observable universe at a diameter of over 27 billion light years.  That distance equals approximately 256 sextillion km (256,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 km), or 160 sextillion miles (1.6 x 1023 mi).

 

At the fastest speed humans have ever traveled, it would take you … over 720 TRILLION YEARS to cross the known universe!  WHAT!!!  NO WAY!!! …

11 km/s is the incredible speed that the Apollo spacecraft reached on its way to the moon in 1969, and is equal to a whopping 39,600 km/hr (24,600 mph).  It is the fastest speed human beings have ever traveled in all of human history.

Can anyone guess or count the number of star & planets in our universe? Why life only exist on Earth? it is indeed impossible and against all probabilities.

 

سُوۡرَةُ لقمَان
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيم

وَلَوۡ أَنَّمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ مِن شَجَرَةٍ أَقۡلَـٰمٌ۬ وَٱلۡبَحۡرُ يَمُدُّهُ ۥ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِۦ سَبۡعَةُ أَبۡحُرٍ۬ مَّا نَفِدَتۡ كَلِمَـٰتُ ٱللَّهِۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ۬ (٢٧) ِ

[031:027]  And if all the trees on earth were pens and the ocean (were ink), with seven oceans behind it to add to its (supply), yet would not the words of God be exhausted (in the writing): for God is Exalted in Power, full of Wisdom.

اور اگر یوں ہو کہ زمین میں جتنے درخت ہیں (سب کے سب) قلم ہوں اور سمندر (کا تمام پانی) سیاہی ہو (اور) اس کے بعد سات سمندر اور (سیاہی ہو جائیں) تو خدا کی باتیں (یعنی اس کی صفتیں) ختم نہ ہوں۔ بیشک خدا غالب حکمت والا ہے (۲۷)

Does Universe end somewhere? What is beyond the “edge” of our universe?

The answer to these two questions is hard to understand without a detailed discussion of the birth of our universe … a violent birth that appears to have taken place 13.7 billion years ago in an event commonly known as the “Big Bang”.

 

The particle horizon of the observable universe is the boundary that represents the maximum distance at which events can currently be observed. For events beyond that distance, light hasn't had time to reach our location, even if it were emitted at the time the universe began. How the particle horizon changes with time depends on the nature of the expansion of the universe. If the expansion has certain characteristics, there are parts of the universe that will never be observable, no matter how long the observer waits for light from those regions to arrive.

سُوۡرَةُ المُلک
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

تَبَـٰرَكَ ٱلَّذِى بِيَدِهِ ٱلۡمُلۡكُ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدِيرٌ (١) ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلۡمَوۡتَ وَٱلۡحَيَوٰةَ لِيَبۡلُوَكُمۡ أَيُّكُمۡ أَحۡسَنُ عَمَلاً۬ۚ وَهُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡغَفُورُ (٢) ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ سَبۡعَ سَمَـٰوَٲتٍ۬ طِبَاقً۬اۖ مَّا تَرَىٰ فِى خَلۡقِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ مِن تَفَـٰوُتٍ۬ۖ فَٱرۡجِعِ ٱلۡبَصَرَ هَلۡ تَرَىٰ مِن فُطُورٍ۬ (٣) ثُمَّ ٱرۡجِعِ ٱلۡبَصَرَ كَرَّتَيۡنِ يَنقَلِبۡ إِلَيۡكَ ٱلۡبَصَرُ خَاسِئً۬ا وَهُوَ حَسِيرٌ۬ (٤) وَلَقَدۡ زَيَّنَّا ٱلسَّمَآءَ ٱلدُّنۡيَا بِمَصَـٰبِيحَ وَجَعَلۡنَـٰهَا رُجُومً۬ا لِّلشَّيَـٰطِينِۖ وَأَعۡتَدۡنَا لَهُمۡ عَذَابَ ٱلسَّعِيرِ (٥)

Al-Mulk 67:1-5
Blessed is He in Whose hand is the Sovereignty, and, He is Able to do all things. (1) Who hath created life and death that He may try you which of you is best in conduct; and He is the Mighty, the Forgiving, (2) Who hath created seven heavens in harmony. Thou canst see no fault in the Beneficent One's creation; then look again: Canst thou see any rifts? (3) Then look again and yet again, thy sight will return unto thee weakened and made dim. (4) And verily We have beautified the world's heaven with lamps, and We have made them missiles for the devils, and for them We have prepared the doom of flame. (5)

وہ (خدا) جس کے ہاتھ میں بادشاہی ہے بڑی برکت والا ہے۔ اور وہ ہر چیز پر قادر ہے (۱) اسی نے موت اور زندگی کو پیدا کیا تاکہ تمہاری آزمائش کرے کہ تم میں کون اچھے عمل کرتا ہے۔ اور وہ زبردست (اور) بخشنے والا ہے (۲) اس نے سات آسمان اوپر تلے بنائے۔ (اے دیکھنے والے) کیا تو (خدا) رحمٰن کی آفرنیش میں کچھ نقص دیکھتا ہے؟ ذرا آنکھ اٹھا کر دیکھ بھلا تجھ کو (آسمان میں) کوئی شکاف نظر آتا ہے؟ (۳) پھر دو بارہ (سہ بارہ) نظر کر، تو نظر (ہر بار) تیرے پاس ناکام اور تھک کر لوٹ آئے گی (۴)اور ہم نے قریب کے آسمان کو (تاروں کے) چراغوں سے زینت دی۔ اور ان کو شیطان کے مارنے کا آلہ بنایا اور ان کے لئے دہکتی آگ کا عذاب تیار کر رکھا ہے (

 

The boundary past which events can't ever be observed is an event horizon, and it represents the maximum extent of the particle horizon. 

 

 

سُوۡرَةُ النُّور
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
 أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ ۥ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱلطَّيۡرُ صَـٰٓفَّـٰتٍ۬ۖ كُلٌّ۬ قَدۡ عَلِمَ صَلَاتَهُ ۥ وَتَسۡبِيحَهُ ۥۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمُۢ بِمَا يَفۡعَلُونَ (٤١)
Al-Noor 24-41

Hast thou not seen that Allah, He it is Whom all who are in the heavens and the earth praise, and the birds in their flight? Of each He knoweth verily the its worship and the its praise; and Allah is Aware of what they do. (41)

 

کیا تم نے نہیں دیکھا کہ جو لوگ آسمانوں اور زمین میں ہیں خدا کی تسبیح کرتے ہیں اور پر پھیلائے ہوئے جانور بھی۔ اور سب اپنی نماز اور تسبیح کے طریقے سے واقف ہیں۔ اور جو کچھ وہ کرتے ہیں (سب) خدا کو معلوم ہے (۴۱)

 

 

سُوۡرَةُ الجُمُعَة
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
يُسَبِّحُ لِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ ٱلۡمَلِكِ ٱلۡقُدُّوسِ ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلۡحَكِيمِ (١)
[62:1]

All that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth glorifieth Allah, the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, the Mighty, the Wise. (1)

 

جو چیز آسمانوں میں ہے اور جو چیز زمین میں ہے سب خدا کی تسبیح کرتی ہے جو بادشاہ حقیقی پاک ذات زبردست حکمت والا ہے (۱)

 

سُوۡرَةُ النّحل
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

وَلِلَّهِ يَسۡجُدُ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ مِن دَآبَّةٍ۬ وَٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ وَهُمۡ لَا يَسۡتَكۡبِرُونَ (٤٩)

 

[016:049] And to God doth obeisance all that is in the heavens and on earth, whether living creatures or the angels: for none are arrogant (before their Lord).

 

اور تمام جاندار جو آسمانوں میں ہیں اور جو زمین میں ہیں سب خدا کے آگے سجدہ کرتے ہیں اور فرشتے بھی اور وہ ذرا غرور نہیں کرتے (۴۹)

 

 

Surely Life does exists in other planets within Milky Way or in other galaxies, as said in Quran, yet to explore by mankind.
 

سُوۡرَةُ البَقَرَة
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡحَىُّ ٱلۡقَيُّومُۚ لَا تَأۡخُذُهُ ۥ سِنَةٌ۬ وَلَا نَوۡمٌ۬ۚ لَّهُ ۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِۗ مَن ذَا ٱلَّذِى يَشۡفَعُ عِندَهُ ۥۤ إِلَّا بِإِذۡنِهِۦۚ يَعۡلَمُ مَا بَيۡنَ أَيۡدِيهِمۡ وَمَا خَلۡفَهُمۡۖ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَىۡءٍ۬ مِّنۡ عِلۡمِهِۦۤ إِلَّا بِمَا شَآءَۚ وَسِعَ كُرۡسِيُّهُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَۖ وَلَا يَـُٔودُهُ ۥ حِفۡظُهُمَاۚ وَهُوَ ٱلۡعَلِىُّ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ (٢٥٥)

2:255 Al-Baqara
Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous. (255)

خدا (وہ معبود برحق ہے کہ) اس کے سوا کوئی عبادت کے لائق نہیں زندہ ہمیشہ رہنے والا اسے نہ اونگھ آتی ہے نہ نیند جو کچھ آسمانوں میں اور جو کچھ زمین میں ہیں سب اسی کا ہے کون ہے جو اس کی اجازت کے بغیر اس سے (کسی کی) سفارش کر سکے جو کچھ لوگوں کے روبرو ہو رہا ہے اور جو کچھ ان کے پیچھے ہوچکا ہے اسے سب معلوم ہے اور وہ اس کی معلومات میں سے کسی چیز پر دسترس حاصل نہیں کر سکتے ہاں جس قدر وہ چاہتا ہے (اسی قدر معلوم کرا دیتا ہے) اس کی بادشاہی (اور علم) آسمان اور زمین سب پر حاوی ہے اور اسے ان کی حفاظت کچھ بھی دشوار نہیں وہ بڑا عالی رتبہ اور جلیل القدر ہے (۲۵۵)

Would you like to travel to the edge of universe? Please follow me to a journey

Let's Explore the Universe!

Is it small or large? Is it “infinite” or does it “end” somewhere? If so, what is beyond its outer boundary? How long has it been in existence? How it is created?